Research and Publications

Research & Publications

  • Unearthing the determintants required for off-grid subsistence: a case study

    Matthew Mentz

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    This study is based on the personal four-year journey of the researcher in an attempt to develop an off-grid, sustainable self-sufficient livelihood and habitation on a 1 000-square metre piece of rural land in the heritage mission village of Suurbraak, Western Cape, South Africa. 

     

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    1908
    Education & Learning
  • Agriculture and the payment for environmental services

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    This short op-ed article commissioned by Farmers Weekly explores the role farmers play in the maintenance of important environmental services such as carbon sequestration and watershed management. It uses Costa Rica's land mark payment for environmental services (PES) mechanisms to demonstrate the role that market based tools can play in balancing conservation with agriculture. Links are made back to South Africa.

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    1820
    Food Systems
  • An Analysis of Recycling Initiatives of Household Waste for the City of Cape Town Municipality, South Africa

    2012

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    This study aims to use the Material Flow Analysis (MFA) approach in order to determine the progress of existing waste minimisation faciltiies in the City of Cape Town such as the Belville compost plant. But using the MFA approach one gets to realise that there is still a large amount of waste that still enters the landfills. In the end it is concluded that more work needs to be done to achieve a genuine integrated sustainable waste management system.

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    5456
  • An investigation into the challenges of transdisciplinary R&D: Values, culture and the case of the BIOSSAM project.

    Alan Brent

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    An investigation into the challeges of transdisicplinary values, culture and the case of the BIOSSAM project. Thesis submitted in fulfillment of the Mphil in Sustainable Development, Stellenbosch University, March 2012. Supervisor: Mark Swilling. (Note: Prof Alan Brent is on academic staff of the School of Public Leadership and co-manages with Mark Swilling the Masters Programme in Sustainable Development.

    ABSTRACT: The emerging classification of Sustainability-oriented Innovation Systems places an emphasis on the social elements of change, as well as the technological. However, sustainability-oriented problems are too vast for one person or discipline to comprehend; thus people tend to want to collaborate, meaning they form teams. As a further extension to address sustainability-oriented problems, there is an increasing emphasis on transdisciplinary research and development efforts, whereby co-production transgresses boundaries, and science becomes visible before it becomes certain. To reach the objectives of transdisciplinary efforts will require two key concepts: the gathering of information from experts, namely knowledge transfer; and making connections between them, namely knowledge integration. Nevertheless, challenges have been noted in terms of academic tribes that impede teamwork, and, importantly, the lack of combined thought and action. This research, which is compiled as two journal articles, explored the collaboration, between disciplines, that has been described as the means of meeting the requirements of transdiscplinary to identify, structure, analyse and deal with specific problems in such a way that it can: grasp the complexity of problems; take into account the diversity of life-world and scientific perceptions of problems; link abstract and case-specific knowledge; and develop knowledge and practices that promote what is perceived to be the common good.

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    1875
    Education & Learning
  • Building corporate resilience - case study of Spier Holding's search for a lower-carbon future

    Sumetee Pahwa-Gajjar

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    Doctoral Thesis (December 2012). Supervisor: Mark Swilling. A study of the sustainability journey of Spier Holdings, a well known wine and leisure business in South Africa, offers a unique opportunity for interrogating corporate drivers for a lower carbon future. The business has established sustainability as a brand identity, declared carbon neutrality as a macro organisational goal in response to the global challenge of climate change, and sought scientifically and technologically appropriate ways of addressing this challenge.  As a contribution to new knowledge, this thesis proposes an integrated corporate resilience framework for building enterprise resilience and ecological sustainability. This framework, and the accompanying mapping tool, reveals deep, ecological drivers for Spier's environmental performance across corporate areas of lower carbon emissions, water sustainability, wastewater treatment, solid waste recycling and ecological custodianship.

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    1927
  • Conceptualising a Sustainable Energy Solution for Informal Settlement Upgrading

    Andreas Keller

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (2012). This thesis analyses the South African Government's approach to incremental upgrading of informal settlements. An alternative is proposed that includes ecological design. An actual model was built to test the alternative in the settlement of Enkanini, Stellenbosch. This was the thesis that gave rise to what has come to be called the iShack approach to incremental upgrading of informal settlements.

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    1904
    Renewable Energy
  • Cuba: A case study of agricultural crisis management

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Abstract:

    This short op-ed article commissioned by Farmers Weekly explores the pros and cons of the Cuban revolution from a food systems perspective. It gives a brief background to the stresses and challenges the country faces and then discusses the role urban agriculture and low external input farming have played in restoring relative food security.

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    1832
    Food Systems
  • Deep Ecology and the Ubuntu Girl

    Andrew Cole

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    Assignment submitted for the Sustainable Development module of the Postgraduate Diploma in Sustainable Development, 2012.

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    1964
    Education & Learning
  • Downscaling to increase output: specialising in low-input/high-output intensive farming systems

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Abstract:

    This short article commissioned by Farmer's Weekly is based on the premise that small-scale farming systems should not be interpreted as implicitly unproductive or unprofitable. Via discussion and the use of three examples, the article argues that if done correctly a shift to smaller farming systems could be extremely beneficial to all who live in South Africa.

    Key words:Poly-cropping, agricultural innovation, farm sizes, food systems, food security 

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    1836
    Food Systems
  • Green Economy and SA's Challenges

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Prof Mark Swilling delivered this talk in Parliament, Cape Town, on 19 April 2012 - attended by about 80 people, including MPs and Ministers.

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    1768
  • Ilima', 'Izithebe' and the 'Green Revolution': A complex agro-ecological approach to understanding agriculture in Pondoland, and what this means for sustainability through the creation of 'Living Landscapes'

    Val Payn

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    This study explore the relationships between agragrian landscapes, agrarian land use practices and tradtional cultural perspectivities of traditional amaMpondo farming communities living along the Wild Coast.

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    5459
    Food Systems
  • Informal Settlement Upgrading in Cape Town's Hangberg

    Walter Fieuw

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    Using the case study research methodology, the study seeks to unravel the governance complexities elicited by this potentially progressive planning intervention. Four theoretical prisms are used to probe and investigate the primary case study (Hangberg) due to the different ways of ‘seeing and grappling’ and ‘narrating’ a complex tale. This is characterised by the dialectics of power and powerlessness; regime stabilisation and destabilisation; formalisation and informalisation; continuity and discontinuity. These prisms are: urban informality, urban governance, deepening democracy, and socio-spatial justice. By utilising these four theoretical prisms, the study found the Hangberg case to be atypical of development trajectories, on the one hand, and conforming to the enduring neoliberal governance logics, on the other. In the concluding chapter, the study critically engages prospects of realising post-apartheid spatialities by considering recent policy shifts and programmes with the potential of realising the poor’s ‘right to the city’.

    1883
    Renewable Energy
  • Just Transitions and the Next Long-Term Development Cycle: Warnings from Africa

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    This paper will be delivered at conferences in Copenhagen and Brisbane taking place in August and September 2012 respectively. Building on the core arguments developed in his book co-authored with Eve Annecke entitled Just Transitions: Explorations of Sustainability in an Unfair World, this paper examines storlines of the future developed from various influential perspectives. Using the Multi-Level Perspective, Mark Swilling elaborates and extends his conception of transition to a more sustainable world.

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    1643
  • Material Flow Analysis of wood fuel in small urban areas: The case of Tsumeb, Namibia

    Lydia Mlunga

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    This study attempts to determine the flow of wood fuels in Tsumeb, Namibia - using Material Flow Analysis methodology - which is a resource highly dominated by the informal sector.

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    5464
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Overcoming Energy Constraints on future development in Stellenbosch through energy efficiency: retrofitting of solar water heaters and gas stoves in middle - high income households in the residential sector

    Christine Nyabadza

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    This study takes a look at how local government, in this case, Stellenbosch Municipality, can initiate its own energy efficiency programme. The study suggests that local government need not wait on national government but can implement it on their own by incorporating another institution to fund the programme so as to overcome high upfront costs.

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    5460
  • Redefining progress within the Royal Bafokeng Nation

    2012

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    This study takes a look into the Bakgatla-Ba-Kgafela nation and the manner in which they measure progress using an alternative measure - instead of GDP.

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    5462
    Social Innovation
  • Sanjeevak as a source of nutrients

    Richard Orendo-Smith

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    The use of cowdung as an organic fertilizer in Asian and African agriculture is an ancient practice. This explains its renewed interest, partly due to the financial inability of most farmers to purchase agrochemicals but also the ever increasing need to adopt greener technologies that do not adversely affect soil health, water quality,biodiversity and promote sustained or even increased food production. In this context, many innovative farmers have developed their own novel technologies based on the use of local resources. One such innovation is Sanjeevak (a mix of cow dung, cow urine, water and a handful of sugar); which showed very promising boosting effect on crop productivity. However, very little scientific work has so far been conducted to evaluate its effect as an organic product for soil amendments.

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    1930
    Food Systems
  • Socioeconomic implications of global oil depletion for South Africa

    Jeremy Wakeford

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    Oil is the quintessential resource in the modern industrial economy. It accounts for a third of world primary energy, fuels 95% of global transport systems, sustains a highly mechanised agribusiness and food distribution industry, and provides the feedstock for a staggering array of petrochemical products. Historically, global economic growth has been closely coupled with consumption of energy in general and oil in particular. Yet oil is a finite resource subject to depletion, which has profound implications for the long-term sustainability of industrial civilisation. This dissertation addresses a serious dearth of attention given to this vital subject within South African energy, economic and policy discourses. The overarching aims are to understand the implications of global oil depletion for socioeconomic welfare in South Africa and to propose viable strategies and policies for mitigating and adapting to potential negative impacts. 

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    1929
  • Sustainability in the restaurant industry: a Cape Town study

    Karen Welter

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    The main aims of this thesis were to focus on the restaurant system in Cape Town with a view to creating a support mechanism for a move to more sustainable practices. A review of the literature found that despite a growing global population, the pressure on resources and consumption has been driven by the global middle class. Over half the world lives in cities and dualistic urban systems reinforce access to resources by excluding the poor and favouring the wealthy. Resource flows and consumption have degraded ecosystems, created waste and emissions. We use resources faster than they can be replenished and have exceeded the earth’s regenerative capacity.

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    3999
    Food Systems
  • Sustainability: An Interpretation of the Recycling Industry

    Eamon O'Rourke

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    Assignment submitted for the Sustainable Development module, Postgraduate Diploma in Sustainable Development. March 2012.

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    1956
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Sustainable Development

    Quintin Swart

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    An exposition of a pervasive, polysemous and vigorously contested concept as articulated in multiple approaches to addressing the polycrisis. Assignment submitted for the Sustainable Development Module of the Postgraduate Diploma in Sustainable Development, Mark 2012.

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    1959
  • Sustainable Development and RUFORUM

    Megan Lindow

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    Sustainable Development assignment (2012). Review of the Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM) from a Sustainable Development perspective. RUFORUM is an initiative of African Universities to stimulate research into Africa's agricultural challenges. 

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    1953
    Food Systems
  • Sustainable Energy & Policy Design on the Energy Transition to Renewable Energy Systems in Stellenbosch. Case Study: Stellenbosch Solar Water heating By-Law

    Thumakele Gosa

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    This study attempts to show how higher population growth and higher housing backlogs in Stellenbosch Municipality have implications for energy demand, for improving the quality of life of poor communities, arresting joblessness and reducing inequalities. Also it further explores solar water heaters as a potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions but also have the potential to reduce the revenue of municipalities that are based on electricity sales. The study suggests that SWHs need to be contextualised in culture.

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    5457
  • Talk by Mark Swilling to launch Just Transitions

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    This is the text version of the talk Mark Swilling delivered to launch on 22 February 2012 in Stellenbosch the book Just Transitions: Explorations of Sustainability in an Unfair World.

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    1770
    Sustainable Cities
  • Technology assessment of renewable energy sustainability in SA

    Josephine Musango

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    Doctoral Thesis. This study developed a framework that incorporates a technology assessment approach, namely, system dynamics, within the broader scope of technology development for sustainability. The framework, termed the Systems Approach to Technology Sustainability Assessment (SATSA), integrates three key elements: technology development, sustainable development, and a dynamic systems approach. The study then provides a guiding process of applying the framework to energy technology assessment theory and practice within the context of sustainable development. Biodiesel, a cleaner burning replacement fuel, argued to potentially contribute to sustainable development, is used for the demonstration. Biodiesel development entails complex interactions of actors such as the technology developers, government at different levels, communities, as well as the natural environment. Different actions or responses in the greater system might hinder or undermine the positive effects of such a development.

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    1928
    Renewable Energy
  • The meanings of sustainable community wellness in Grabouw

    Wessel van den Berg

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    This study takes a look at the meaning of sustainable community wellness by looking at the Grabouw area, by using a complexity thinking perspective and intersections of sustainability.

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    5458
    Development Planning
  • The role of civil society organisations/non-governmental organisations in human capability building through knowledge construction: The case of Zimbabwe’s Africa Community Publishing Development Trust

    Raymond Manyuchi

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    This study analyses the role that civil society organisation/non-governmental organisations have in building human capabilities via knowledge construction, with a particular focus on community publishing.

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    5461
  • Transdisciplinary research in sustainability science: practice, principles, and challenges

    Daniel J. Lang, Arnim Wiek, Matthias Bergmann, Michael Stauffacher, Pim Martens, Peter Moll, Mark Swilling, Christopher J. Thomas

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Published in: Sustain Science (2012) 7 (Supplement 1):25–43.

    There is emerging agreement that sustainability challenges require new ways of knowledge production and decision-making. One key aspect of sustainability science, therefore, is the involvement of actors from outside academia into the research process in order to integrate the best available knowledge, reconcile values and preferences, as well as create ownership for problems and solution options. Transdisciplinary, community-based, interactive, or participatory research approaches are often suggested as appropriate means to meet both the requirements posed by real-world problems as well as the goals of sustainability science as a transformational scientific field. Starting from a conceptual model of an ideal–typical transdisciplinary research process, this article synthesizes and structures such a set of principles from various strands of the literature and empirical experiences. We then elaborate on them, looking at challenges and some coping strategies as experienced in transdisciplinary sustainability projects in Europe, North America, South America, Africa, and Asia. The article concludes with future research needed in order to further enhance the practice of transdisciplinary sustainability research.

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    5210
    Education & Learning
  • Transition to Sustainable Transport in Stellenbosch

    Matthew Moody

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    The case of Stellenbosch is a local expression of the global “system of automobility”. Through a combination of infrastructure, urban form, institutions, beliefs and ways of life, this system is perpetuated at a local level. In a highly inequitable developing country context, this is particularly problematic. A town primarily designed to service car mobility is best suited to the reproduction of the middle class. The poor, and others without access to a car, are at a disadvantage and movement by green modes is, everywhere, discouraged. And yet, there are a number of innovative initiatives occurring within the town which depart from the dominant paradigm, contesting its continued dominance.

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    1886
    Development Planning
  • Waste management at the CSIR

    Mpendula Ginindza

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    The study looks at the CSIR's zero waste to landfill framework, with a particular focus on the factors that ensure that an effective waste minimisation process and programme is implemented at the CSIR. This is followed by recommendations at the end of the study.

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    5463
    Resource Efficiencies
  • A case study from a gold mining company: a call for leadership

    Hlombe Makuluma

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (2011). Gold mining in South Africa is an industry that is more than a century old. The impact of gold mines on communities and the environment are enormous. This thesis is a case study based in one of the major gold producers in South Africa that has been in operation for more than 50 years and has more than 30 years of life still left. Exploring the impact mining has had on communities and the environment, this thesis is a call for leadership action towards sustainable futures. This call is made through a suggested sustainable development leadership framework.

    1906
    Leadership & Facilitation
  • A critical review for the development of sustainability indicators for Cape Town

    Kate Rivett-Karnac

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (2011). Sustainable development has gained great interest at global, national and local community levels. For instance, governments, civil societies, the commercial sector as well as local communities have responded to the agreed framework of UNCED known as Agenda 21, developed at the Earth Summit€Ÿ held at Rio de Janeiro in 1992, inter alia through the development of indicators aimed at monitoring and evaluating the achievement of sustainable development. Since cities are dynamic complex open systems with interrelated social, economic and environmental systems, and sustainable development cannot be absolutely achieved, integrated sustainable development indicators that concurrently address social, economic and environmental dimensions are crucial to aid in monitoring sustainable development particularly in any given urban system. This study gives an overview of these indicators and indices. 

    1921
    Sustainable Cities
  • A critical review of the development of sustainability indicators for the City of Cape Town

    Eunice Ndeke

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    The following study takes a look at the process and the type of sustainability indicators for the City of Cape Town based on the sustainability challenges it faces as a city.

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    5465
    Development Planning
  • A value chain analysis of the solar water heater industry in the Western Cape

    Jaco du Toit

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (2010). A value chain analysis of the solar water heater industry in the Western Cape: investigating opportunities for local economic development, poverty alleviation and energy conservation. Using a case study of low-income households in Stellenbosch, this thesis addresses the problem of the relatively high capital cost of solar water heating for low-income households. The hot water requirements of low-income households are investigated together with the potential energy and carbon emission savings that solar water heaters present. The solar water heater value chain is investigated to determine what costs can be reduced and how increased production can be a job creator.

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    1888
    Renewable Energy
  • Acid mine drainage in the Gauteng province of South Africa – A phenomenological study on the degree of alignment between stakeholders concerning a sustainable solution to acid mine drainage

    Tim Ewart

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    This study addresses the issue of acid mine drainage in the Gauteng province and looks at the relationships between all the multiple stakeholders when it comes to finding a sustainable solution to the acid mine drainage.

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    5468
    Development Planning
  • An investigation of natuurboerdery (natural farming): a ZZ2 case study

    Silent Taurayi

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    Thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements of the MPhil in Sustainable Development, 2011. The aim of this study was to provide the first in depth description of the natuurboerdery farming system as developed and adopted by ZZ2, a privately-owned farming conglomerate in South Africa. Natuurboerdery aims to increase agricultural productivity and sustainability while maintaining environmental integrity to contribute to overall sustainability. A case study research design using multiple sources and techniques for data gathering was applied to investigate the reasons for and process of converting from conventional farming to natuurboerdery, describe the principles and practices of natuurboerdery farming and document the changes and benefits realised by conversion. It was established that ZZ2 converted to natuurboerdery farming due to the challenges associated with conventional methods of farming.  

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    1896
    Food Systems
  • Challenge of Sustainability in Cape Town

    Alexis Schaffler

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    Sustainable Cities assignment 2009 - based on a synthesis of key texts from the theoretical literature on sustainable cities, the challenge of reconciling sustainable resource use and poverty eradication in Cape Town is discussed.

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    1960
  • Commercial agriculture in the swartland: investigating emerging trends towards more sustainable food

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    Abstract

    This thesis focuses on innovations taking place on large scale commercial farms in the Western Cape and uses case studies to investigate how farmers are responding to the sustainability challenges of the 21st century. The research focussed specifically on seven positive innovators whose practices or thinking were, in some way, contributing towards positive change in the sector. Theoretical connections between these farm level changes and regional food security were then drawn.

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    1824
    Food Systems
  • Connected to the land: A photo essay

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    There are 234 million small scale farmers and farm employees in India - almost five times the entire population of South Africa. Together they are responsible for feeding almost a seventh of the world's population. This is a photo essay of portraits from time spent living and working in Northern Maharastra.

    Document Details:

    Document type: Photography Essay

    Words: 20 plates.

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    1822
  • Decoupling infrastructure services from unsustainable resource use

    Blake Robinson

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis. Decoupling infrastructure services from unsustainable resource use: cases from Cape Town. Using a theoretical framework that made it possible to conceptualise the flow of resources through the city of Cape Town and the critical role played by urban infrastructure, case studies were compiled of innovative entrepreneurs who have established businesses in Cape Town that offer urban services on a more sustainable basis.

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    1869
  • Early Childhood Development as Pathway to Sustainable Community Development

    Magdelien Spies

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    This thesis explores the usefulness of integrated, ecological 'early childhood development' practices as entry point into sustainable community development. The early childhood and youth development activities that take place in the Lynedoch EcoVillage were used as a case study.

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    1862
    Education & Learning
  • Ecological Design: Case Study of House - Blessing, Auroville (India)

    Anri Landman

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    In this essay submitted for the Ecological Design module 2009 - case study of an ecologically designed house called Blessing located in Auroville, India.

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    1963
    Sustainable Cities
  • Economic Development, Decoupling and Urban Infrastructure

    Katherine Hyman

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's thesis (2011). Economic Development, Decoupling and Urban Infrastructure: lessons from Cape Town's urban system. Paper based on her Mphil thesis research presented at the World Resource Forum, Davos, August 2039. Abstract: While the current economic development trajectory, as determined by global resource flows, is fundamentally unsustainable, decoupling can be adopted as an alternative growth paradigm which allows human development through non-material growth, without the environmental and social casualties of the incumbent model. Particularly, decoupling at the city scale, using networked urban infrastructure as the intervention point, has the greatest capacity to contribute to the resolution of environmental resource constraints. By nature cities are responsible for the majority of production and consumption activities attributed to environmental degradation while simultaneously acting as the primary location for economic, institutional, and human capital which promote innovation. Innovation systems, in particular sustainability orientated innovation systems that stimulate urban transitions are pertinent to the successful implementation of decoupling. The case of Cape Town offers valuable lessons in light of the advanced understanding of urban resource flows and the potential to realise an urban scale transition.

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    1634
  • Establishing Viable and Sustainable Rural Economic Development Programmes

    Vuyo Mahlati

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    Thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for a PhD in Public Management and Planning. Establishing Viable and Sustainable Rural Economic Development Programmes in a Competitive Global Economy: Analysis of Marual Commercialisation in South Africa.  Summary: Rural poverty seems to get worse despite escalating expenditures on rural development. The problem is that rural development is regarded as a welfare function rather than an economic opportunity. Based on a detailed critique of existing theories of rural development, a transdisciplinary case study of the marula value chain is used to conceptualize an alternative theory of rural development. It is concluded that rural households engaged in marula cultivation could gain a much larger share of the value chain if they could access appropriate funding and institutional support. The result would be rural economic development that links global and local markets.

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    1932
    Development Planning
  • Exploring the possibility of the insurance industry as a solar water heater driver

    Karen Kritzinger

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    South Africa is facing an energy crisis on two levels; the existing capacity to supply electricity is unable to support future growth in demand, and the electricity being produced comes mostly from coal-fired power stations with
    associated emission problems. The South African government has a target for renewable energy to service 23% of the country’s energy consumption by 2013. This could potentially be realised through achievement of another government target, the installation of one million Solar Water Heaters (SWHs). On a technical level, Solar Water Heaters (SWHs) represent a completely viable renewable energy alternative for South Africa. It is an established and proven technology which has the potential to have a big impact on the country’s electricity capacity problems. SWHs can be used in a variety of applications from industry to households. Most of the hot water in South African homes is heated by electric resistance heating in standard electric water heaters and there are no technical obstacles to replacing most of these with SWHs, thereby delivering a saving of up to 70% of the water heating energy bill. Water heating currently accounts for 40% of domestic electricity consumption within a residential sector that uses 20-30% of the national supply. At the macroscale, the roll out of SWH programmes is completely scalable.

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    1864
    Renewable Energy
  • Growing sustainable food systems : a study of local food distribution initiatives in Stellenbosch

    Annie Landman

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    Growing sustainable food systems: a study of local food distribution initiatives in Stellenbosch. Using the critical literature on the unsustainability of the global food system, this is a study of the various food distribution systems in Stellenbosch, with special reference to the various ways that local food security can be enhanced.

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    5469
    Food Systems
  • Growth, Resource Use and Decoupling - Towards a 'Green New Deal' for South Africa?

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    ECSECC Working Papers Series 14 (2011). East London: ECSECC. The ECSECC Working Paper Series was launched as a platform for publishing work in progress in areas broadly aligned with the strategic objectives of the Eastern Cape Socio-Economic Consultative Council. 

    The ‘Green’ economy is a fast-growing new economic development model in contrast to the existing model based on fossil fuels, such as coal. It aims, through an ecological economics, at addressing the interdependence of human economies and natural ecosystems and the adverse impact of human economic activities on climate change and global warming. In the midst of the global economic crisis, the UN Environment Programme called for a global Green New Deal according to which governments were encouraged to support economic transformation to a greener economy.

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    1637
    Sustainable Cities
  • Informal Settlement Upgrading in Cape Town’s Hangberg: Local Government, Urban Governance and the ‘Right to the City’

    Walter Fieuw

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    This study aims to unravel the governance complexities that occur as a result of the progressive planning intervention, Breaking New Ground by using a theoritical prism approach of the Hangberg Case Study.

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    5467
  • Just facilitation: facilitating sustainable social change in contexts of injustice

    Rebecca Freeth  

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (2011). Abstract: This thesis addresses the following fundamental question: How do we navigate social change in response to pressing contemporary issues of justice and sustainability? To answer this question, the researcher addresses the relationship between justice and sustainability; the balance between power and love; and how facilitators of social change can be committed to justice but remain true to the principle of neutrality.

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    1897
    Education & Learning
  • Land reform in South Africa: reflections on Indian experiences

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2011

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Abstract: 

    This paper is the result of a five month period spent working and travelling in India in 2011. It is my interpretation of the reaction I had, as a South African, to people and their relationships with land that I encountered while there.

    The paper begins with a brief background to the reform process in India and South Africa. Following this the paper is divided into two parts: the first being a reflection on the Bhoodan movement of land-gifting led by Gandhian disciple Vinoba Bhave and its relevance to deconstructing the oppositional tensions in contemporary South African land reform; the second half of the paper applies a food systems perspective to the land relationships in both countries so as to draw out lessons from the Indian experience of land reform and present suggestions for reform efforts in South Africa. It is argued that a food systems perspective provides a good lens through which to approach agrarian land reform as it is able to elucidate many of the broader socio-ecological complexities which traditional analyses often struggle to connect.

    The paper concludes by arguing for a shift away from the current â€chasing hectares€Ÿ approach to land reform targets in South Africa, in favour of adopting a livelihoods potential approach, which focuses on periurban land as the most viable way to continue pro-poor reform.

    Key words: Land reform, India, South Africa, land gifting, reconstruction, food systems, peri-urban

    Words: 9658

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    1837