Research and Publications

Research & Publications

  • Assessing global land use and soil management for sustainable resource policies

    Bringezu, S. (co-lead author), O'Brien, M., Pengue, W.A. (co-lead author), Swilling, M., Kauppi, L.

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    This scoping paper intends to set the framework for an extended report by the International Panel for Sustainable Resource Management (Resource Panel) on the issue of global land use and soil management in November 2010.

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    1818
  • Assessing Global Land Use and Soil Management for Sustainable Resource Policies

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Bringezu, S. (co-lead author), O'Brien, M., Pengue, W.A. (co-lead author), Swilling, M., Kauppi, L. Assessing Global Land Use and Soil Management for Sustainable Resource Policies. Report commissioned by the International Resource Panel, United Nations Environment Programme, November 2010.

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    1639
    Food Systems
  • Assessing land

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Full Report - International Resource Panel report on Assessing Global Land Use - this report integrates existing knowledge on land use and on soils in order to provide an overview of the constraints facing a world of changing diets and increased demand for food and non-food agricultural products. Mark Swilling was a lead co-author.

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    1709
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Auroville Case Study

    Lisa Thompson-Smeddle

    Document type: Student Research

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    1976
    Education & Learning
  • Beyond the resource curse: from resource wars to sustainable resource management in Africa

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Paper presented by Mark Swilling to the Winelands Conference on Integrity and Governance, Stellenbosch University, April 2012. This papers applies material flow analysis to the question of Africa's future economic growth and proposes that unless new modes of governance are found the resource curse will persist.

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    1651
  • Biodiversity and the Challenge of Sustainable Agriculture Assignment

    Thandeka Moloko Mbabama

    Document type: Student Research

    Assignment submitted by Thandeka Mbabama for the Sustainable Agriculture module, 2005

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    3967
    Food Systems
  • Black Economic Empowerment in Namibia

    Lesley Losper

    Document type: Student Research

    Redistribution as an Important Policy Dimension for Economic Transformation: A Study of Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) as a Tool for Small and Medium Size Enterprise (SME) Development in Namibia. Lesley Losper is a senior regional economist in the Namibian Government. This was his class assignment for Applied Economics.

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    1972
  • Business Models for Shared Value

    Florian Lüdeke-Freund, Lorenzo Massa, Nancy Bocken, Alan Brent & Josephine Musango

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Many managers have recognized the financial benefits of responding to societal issues for some time. But the concept of shared value resulted in more managers fully embracing social action. Advocates of shared value are now leading a revolution in strategic management and innovation, urging business to find ways to create economic value in a way that also benefits society.

    This report provides a state-of-the-art overview of research and practice in this area. It recognizes both the contributions of shared value and the ways in which the approach builds on earlier and more established concepts, in particular corporate sustainability.

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    5300
    Leadership & Facilitation
  • Cape Town Energy Efficiency Project

    David Nicol

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    The Energy Efficiency Project (EEP) initiative has been conceived to assist building owners in implementing measures to improve energy efficiency. It is ideally positioned to overcome the barriers to implementation and to facilitate a large scale improvement in energy efficiency in the City of Cape Town. The project is the product of a partnership between the Cape Town Partnership, which played a central role in negotiations relating to the CBD during the power crisis of 2006, and the Sustainability Institute which, for a number of years, has been working with a range of stakeholders in Cape Town to promote more efficient use of natural resources, including energy. Seed funding for the project has been obtained from CORDAID, a large Dutch foundation.

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    1664
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Cape Town Energy Report

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Overview and analysis of Cape Town's energy system commissioned by City of Cape Town and funded by United Nations Development Programme - compiled for the Sustainability Institute by Sustainable Energy Africa.

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    1653
    Renewable Energy
  • Cape Town Waste System

    Sally-Anne Engledow

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Cape Town waste system report was commissioned by City of Cape Town and funded by United Nations Development Programme - compiled for the Sustainability Institute by Sally-Anne Engledow.

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    1697
    Development Planning
  • Cape Town's Water and Sanitation System

    Sonja Pithey

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Compiled by Sonja Pithey for the Sustainability Institute, this report was commissioned by City of Cape Town and funded by UNDP. It provides a comprehensive overview of Cape Town's water and sanitation system.

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    1695
    Development Planning
  • Carbon Finance and Reforestation: A Survey of African Cases

    Sasha Lagrange

    Document type: Student Research

    Carbon Finance and Reforestation: A Survey of African Cases. Paper 1: Can improved wood-based stoves modernise the use of biomass in Southern Africa and reduce CO2 emissions? Opportunities and risks of carbon offset stove programmes with reference to the Nhambita test in Mozambique. Paper 2: Do carbon offset projects present a new dimension to the development aid paradigm? A critical assessment with specific reference to the Nhambita REDD and Agro-forestry carbon offset project, Mozambique.

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    1905
  • Cities as Life Supporting Systems

    Blake Robinson

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    With Blake Robinson from SI Projects as lead author, this was a chapter in the South African Cities Network Annual Report which included a major emphasis on sustainability. This is the first attempt to develop an overview of South Africa's major cities from a sustainable resource use perspective.

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    1618
    Sustainable Cities
  • Corporate Citizenship in Tourism

    Kate Rivett-Carnac

    Document type: Student Research

    The South African Public Sector and Corporate Citizenship in Tourism. Kate Rivett-Carnac works for the Department of Trade and Industry, South Africa. This assignment was submitted for the Corporate Citizenship module.

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    1979
    Leadership & Facilitation
  • Corporate Social Responsibility

    Susana Muhamed

    Document type: Student Research

    Understanding Corporate Social Responsibility from a Sustainability Point of View: System Change or only Mitigation of Effects? Susana Muhamad is from Colombia and is employed by Shell, based in The Netherlands. This is her assignment for the Corporate Citizenship module.

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    1971
    Leadership & Facilitation
  • Decoupling Natural Resource Use and Environmental Impacts from Economic Growth

    Marina Fischer-Kowalski & Mark Swilling

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Decoupling Natural Resource Use and Environmental Impacts from Economic Growth is a publication of the International Resource Panel and was launched in New York at a side event of the Commission on Sustainable Development on 12 May 2009. Mark Swilling and Marina Fischer-Kowalski are the co-lead authors of the report.

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    1724
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Developing a framework for supporting the implementation of integrated water resource management (IWRM) with a decoupling strategy

    Ernest Nti Acheampong, Mark Swilling & Kevin Urama

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Despite decades of water reforms, Ghana’s struggle to achieve sustainable urban water system is deepened by complex interactions of multi-layered political, socio-economic and managerial characteristics, leaving a rationing system of water supply in major cities like Accra. Using a multi-level perspective framework, the paper examines the dynamics of urban water system transition through management reforms. The study showed how external pressure at the landscape level influenced policy direction within urban water regime through the implementation of neo-liberal economic policies, paving way for resistance and grassroots innovation at the niche level.

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    5199
  • DFID Oil Shock Mitigation Report for developing countries

    Jeremy Wakeford and Martin de Wit

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    The main aims of the project are to provide developing countries with a systematic framework and methodology for identifying the major vulnerabilities to and likely socioeconomic impacts of oil price and supply shocks, and for devising national oil shock mitigation strategies in order to be able to respond proactively to such threats. The analysis is based on a combination of empirical data drawn from various international agencies, together with existing research concerning oil security and oil shock vulnerabilities amongst developing countries. The analysis addresses vulnerabilities and mitigation of oil shocks in a wide range of socioeconomic areas, including the energy system, transport and mobility, agriculture and food security, the macro-economy, and social concerns such as poverty and inequality, settlement patterns and social cohesion.

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    5117
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Does Post-Settlement Support Play a Role in the Success of Land Reform? The Case of Resettlement Beneficiaries in Namibia

    Ingrid Emmy Hoaes

    Document type: Student Research

    The research deals with post-settlement support in Namibia's land reform process. Post-settlement support (PSS) is seen as vital and critical in all land and agrarian reform processes, as can be told from experiences worldwide. Its absence or presence can have a number of consequences or successes in the whole process. PSS can be viewed as the "after care" to be provided by the government to new farmers after resettling them. It could be in the form of financial support, extension services and maintenance of infrastructure as well as training services for the farmers.This paper deals with the current status of post-settlement support in the country for land reform beneficiary, who provides PSS, if it is provided and how it is done.

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    5162
    Food Systems
  • Does Post-Settlement Support Play a Role in the Success of Land Reform?_Masters Thesis

    I E HOAËS

    Document type: Student Research

    The research deals with post-settlement support in Namibia‟s land reform process. Post-settlement support (PSS) is seen as vital and critical in all land and agrarian reform processes, as can be told from experiences worldwide. Its absence or presence can have a number of consequences or successes in the whole process. PSS can be viewed as the “after care” to be provided by government to new farmers after resettling them. It could be in the form of financial support, extension services and maintenance of infrastructure as well as training services for the farmers

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    3992
    Food Systems
  • Down-scaling to increase output: Specialising in low-input/high output intensive farming systems

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Small scale does not mean unproductive nor does it mean unprofitable: it's possible and if done correctly could be extremely beneficial to all who live in South Africa.

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    3982
    Food Systems
  • Drinking from the Poisoned Chalice

    Schirin Yachkaschi

    Document type: Student Research

    Schirin Yachkaschi is doing her Phd on organisation development in CBOs, supervised by Prof. Mark Swilling. This paper reflects her core thinking that will be elaborated theoretically and empirically in her Phd. Her research is based on work she did with CBOs while working for Community Connections, an NGO that supports CBOs with offices at the Philippi Business Place - an SI project.

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    1654
    Development Planning
  • Economic Development, Decoupling and Urban Infrastructure

    Katherine Hyman

    Document type: Student Research

    Economic Development, Decoupling and Urban Infrastructure: the role of innovation for an urban transition in Cape Town. Thesis submitted in fulfillment of the Mphil in Sustainable Development Planning and Management, March 2039. Using a combination of material flow analysis and the 'multi-level perspective', Cape Town's urban infrastructures are understood as socio-technical systems that can be reconfigured in ways that result in more sustainable use of resources. The regeneration of the Cape Town CBD is used as a case study.

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    1874
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Environment and Urban Development in Malawi

    Happy Kayuni

    Document type: Student Research

    Happy Kayuni and Richard Tambulasi from the University of Zomba, Malawi, wrote this paper initially as their class essay for the Sustainable Development module in the MPA programme. It was later accepted for publication.

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    1694
    Development Planning
  • Experiences teaching transdisciplinary research

    John van Breda, Andreas Muhar & Jan Visser

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Experiences from establishing structure inter- and transdisciplinary doctoral programmes in sustainability: a comparison of two cases in South Africa and Austria. Published in the Journal of Cleaner Production, this article brings together work led by John Van Breda working closely with Mark Swilling in the SA context to set up the transdisciplinary doctoral programme in the TsamaHub, School of Public Leadership.

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    1610
    Education & Learning
  • EY Paper 1: A sustainability review of the global food system

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    EY Food Systems Series: Thought leadership for corporate engagement in global food systems.

    Food system series: Paper I. March 2013. From our soils to our value chains, the global food system exists in a state of increasing dysfunctionality. The simple facts speak volumes about what is not working: one in six children are undernourished, yet one in four are overweight. As renowned food activist and academic, Raj Patel recognises: “for the first time in human history, tomorrow’s generation is predicted to die younger because of today’s food system”. Unlike other pressing challenges, such as climate change and rapid ecosystem degradation which manifest themselves largely as external problems for which society will pay tomorrow for today’s sins, the crisis of our food systems presents a very present and tangible threat to business operations globally.

    Within this series

    • Paper I: A sustainability review of the global food system
    • Paper II: Making sense of under-nutrition and over-consumption: agenda setting for sustainability in the food sector
    • Paper III: 1913 land act – The state of South African land ownership 100 years on
    • Paper IV: Consolidation in the food system – risks, responsibilities and opportunities
    • Paper V: Soil and sustainability – what every CSR manager needs to know

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    3984
    Food Systems
  • EY Paper 5: Soil - the silent frontier

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Compiled by Luke Metelerkamp on behalf of the Sustainability Institute for EY Food Systems Series: Thought leadership for corporate engagement in global food systems.

    Food system series: Paper V. February 2014. This paper argues that there is no possibility of overcoming African food insecurity or transforming Africa into a vibrant agricultural powerhouse if current trends in soil degradation are not arrested and actively reversed. This issue is not just of relevance to agricultural companies; through its direct connection to food prices and rural employment opportunities, soil degradation will drive inflation and unemployment across the continent.

    Within this series

    • Paper I: A sustainability review of the global food system
    • Paper II: Making sense of under-nutrition and over-consumption: agenda setting for sustainability in the food sector
    • Paper III: 1913 land act – The state of South African land ownership 100 years on
    • Paper IV: Consolidation in the food system – risks, responsibilities and opportunities
    • Paper V: Soil and sustainability – what every CSR manager needs to know
    3986
    Food Systems
  • Food security and the urban informal economy in South Africa

    Etai Even-Zahav

    Document type: Student Research

    Masters Thesis (2016). Etai's 2016 thesis earned a cum laude pass, and was praised by examiners for the systematic approach to the literature, as well as the deeply ethnographic empirical research approach.

    By systematically reviewing the contemporary literature (2009-2014), this research maps out the present state of knowledge about the informal food economy and its contribution to food (in)security. 

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    5303
    Food Systems
  • Fresh produce markets could help shape SA's farming future

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    A short article which focuses on the impact of farm consolidation within agricultural economies in order to highlight the role local markets can play in combating the global trend in growing farm sizes. It uses the Latin American system of local fresh produce markets as an example of how South Africa could utilise local market systems. The original article was an op-ed piece for Farmers Weekly, South Africa. Key words: Local Markets, Agriculture, Value Chains, Farm Sizes, South Africa, Costa Rica.

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    1833
    Food Systems
  • From Industrial Agriculture to Agro-Ecological Farming

    Dr Tarak Kate

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Prof Tarak Kate, who is appointed as Extra-Professor in the School of Public Management and Planning and works in India with organic farmers, wrote this paper to bring to a wider audience the ideas that he discusses in the module he teaches each year on the Bphil programme (Biodiversity and Sustainable Agriculture). The paper emerged from a talk hosted by ECSECC in East London in 2009.

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    1644
    Food Systems
  • Green Economy Modelling Report of South Africa

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Report on the systems dynamics modelling that a SI/SPL team did for the South African Government, supported by the United Nations Environment Programme. Provides a framework for analysing the practical implementation of green economy policies.

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    1606
    Sustainable Cities
  • Green Living Guide

    Natalie Mayer & Blake Robinson

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    This guide is aimed at assisting South Africans to live more environmentally friendly lifestyles by providing a range of suggestions as to behavioral changes and investments that can help to reduce the impact of their homes on the environment and natural resources.

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    5118
  • Greening the south african growth path: transitioning to sustainability

    Dr. Camaren Peter, Prof. Mark Swilling

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Abstract: In order to substantiate the need for a transition to a green economy in South Africa, this paper argues that the current resource and energy intensive growth path is threatened by the economic implications of resource depletion. This will increasingly indicate the competitiveness of the economy (and its products and services) in the future as new forms of consumer demand are created by regulatory interventions, market forces and cultural change. These factors all point to a future where the competitiveness and sustainability of growth in the South African economy is contingent on how we negotiate emerging resource limitations. It is a clear that demand side mitigation efforts alone will not be enough. What is needed is normative change that ultimately translates into wide-scale behavioural change. We argue that this can be achieved by adopting the appropriate conceptual and theoretical frameworks for (1) decoupling (i.e. of economic growth rates from rates of resource use and associated ecological impacts), and (2) a transitioning to a more sustainable, green South African economy by supporting sustainability oriented innovations and associated investments.

    Of relevance to food systems researchers and practitioners is that significant focus is given to food, agriculture and soils.

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    1811
  • iKapa Growth and Development Strategy (Western Cape)

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    This document was adopted by the Western Cape Provincial Government as a White Paper in November 2007. It is the official policy framework for promoting sustainable growth and development in the Western Cape. Professors Mark Swilling and Martin de Wit were contracted to write the document.

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    1667
    Development Planning
  • Impact of SA Firms on the Liberalised Zambian Economy

    Lucky Mulusa

    Document type: Student Research

    Descriptive analysis of certain aspects of the impact that SA firms operating in Zambia have on the local economy. Core argument is that Zambia's neo-liberal economic policies and the failure by SA firms to behave in Zambia in accordance with stated 'good governance' principles, results in negative economic consequences for the Zambia economy. Journal article, December 2005

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    1980
    Food Systems
  • Infrastructure Development in Cape Town - Part 1

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    This is Part 1 of a 3 Part Report prepared for the Sustainability Institute by MCA, a Cape Town - based development planning consultancy. Funded by CORDAID, this report provides the basis for future policy work on sustainable infrastructure options.

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    1666
    Development Planning
  • Infrastructure Development in Cape Town - Part 2

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    This is Part 2 of a 3 Part Report prepared for the Sustainability Institute by MCA, a Cape Town - based development planning consultancy. Funded by CORDAID, this report provides the basis for future policy work on sustainable infrastructure options.

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    1656
    Development Planning
  • Infrastructure Development in Cape Town - Part 3

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    This is Part 3 of a 3 Part Report prepared for the Sustainability Institute by MCA, a Cape Town - based development planning consultancy. Funded by CORDAID, this report provides the basis for future policy work on sustainable infrastructure options.

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    1684
    Development Planning
  • Innovators in disrupted cities: an exploration of the Creative Class theory in urban(ising) Africa

    Lauren Rosenberg & Alan Brent

    Document type: Student Research

    Paper presented at the 19th International Sustainable Development Conference, Spier 1-3 July 2013, co-hosted by the SI. (Lauren Rosenberg is a graduate of the Mphil in Sustainable Development Programme, and this paper is based on her thesis.)

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    1663
    Sustainable Cities
  • Integrated approaches to innovative climate change adaptation and resource use in Africa

    Prof Martin de Wit, Prof Mark Swilling, Mr John van Breda, Dr Nicholas Ozor, Prof Shem Wandiga, Prof Richard Kangalawe

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Conference paper presented at First Conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa (CCDA I), At Addis Abeba, Ethiopia.

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    5211
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Internal Resource Panel Report: Resource Efficiency - potential & economic implications

    Paul Ekins, Nick Hughes, Mark Swilling, Stefan Bringezu, Charles Arden Clarke, Marina Fischer-Kowalski, Thomas Graedel, Maarten Hajer, Seiji Hashimoto, Steve Hatfield-Dodds, Petr Havlik, Edgar Hertwich, John Ingram, Katja Kruit, Ben Milligan, Yuichi Morig

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    A report on the most promising potentials and solutions for resource efficiency for all countries - developed, newly industrialized and developing. This rapid assessment report is the result of a truly collective effort by scientists and experts of the International Resource Panel who thoroughly reviewed the best science available. The findings of the report point out the importance of joining forces for acting now as well as the huge potential that resource efficiency can have, if it is implemented carefully and supported across different sectors and at multiple levels. The pressing need to invest in resource efficiency could actually lead to a positive economic outcome. The report shows how resource efficiency can lead to higher economic growth and employment, if supported by well-designed policies.

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    5149
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Learnable Lessons from South Africa

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Power Point presentation: Learnable Lessons on Sustainability from the Provision of Electricity in South Africa by M.K. Heun, J.L. Van Niekerk, M. Swilling, A.J. Meyer, A. Brent and T. Fluri. Proceedings of the American Society for Mechanical Engineering's 2010 4th international Conference on Energy Sustainability (ES2010);17-22 May 2010, Phoenix, Arizona.;(See: http://www.solar2010.org/program/es2010.htm)

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    1776
    Education & Learning
  • Linking complexity and sustainability theories: implications for modeling sustainability transitions

    Camaren Peter & Mark Swilling

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    In this paper, we deploy a complexity theory as the foundation for integration of different theoretical approaches to sustainability and develop a rationale for a complexity-based framework for modeling transitions to sustainability. We propose a framework based on a comparison of complex systems’ properties that characterize the different theories that deal with transitions to sustainability. We argue that adopting a complexity theory based approach for modeling transitions requires going beyond deterministic frameworks; by adopting a probabilistic, integrative, inclusive and adaptive approach that can support transitions. We also illustrate how this complexity-based modeling framework can be implemented; i.e., how it can be used to select modeling techniques that address particular properties of complex systems that we need to understand in order to model transitions to sustainability. In doing so, we establish a complexity-based approach towards modeling sustainability transitions that caters for the broad range of complex systems’ properties that are required to model transitions to sustainability.

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    5208
  • Lynedoch Ecovillage: an experiment in sustainability

    Philip Fourie

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Philip Fourie help project manage the implementation of aspects of the housing development at Lyneodch. This experience provides the basis for this article in a journal on operations research.

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    1625
    Education & Learning
  • Lynedoch's Water and Sanitation system

    Terry Dowling

    Document type: Student Research

    Terry Dowling graduated an an MPhil in Sustainable Development Planning and Management in December 2007. He wrote up his research as a Journal Article, entitled 'Sustainable Development in Water and Sanitation': A Case Study of the Water and Sanitation System at the Lynedoch EcoVillage Development.

    1982
  • Measuring household food security Status in taraba state, nigeria: Comparing key indicators

    Chinweoke Ike

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (2015). Measuring food security is challenging due to its multidimensional nature as all four dimensions (availability, access, utilisation, and stability) need to be achieved simultaneously. This study therefore identified how the three most widely used indicators of food security, the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS), Dietary Diversity Score (DDS) and the Coping Strategies Index (CSI), can complement one other in capturing the multiple dimensions of food security. The study brought them together in one cross-sectional household survey of 409 randomly selected households in Taraba State, Nigeria.

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    5305
    Food Systems
  • Microbial Stimulants, snake oil or silver bullet?

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    A case study of successful application of homemade microbial stimulants under irrigated conditions. 

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    3977
    Food Systems
  • Mitigating risks and vulnerabilities in the energy-food-water nexus in developing countries: Summary for Policymakers.

    Jeremy Wakeford, Candice Kelly, Sasha Mentz Lagrange

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Sustainability Institute Projects recently completed a year-long research project entitled “Mitigating risks and vulnerabilities in the energy-food-water nexus in developing countries”, funded by the UK’s Department for International Development. The project was led by Dr Jeremy Wakeford, an Extraordinary Senior Lecturer in the School of Public Leadership and currently a Macroeconomist at Quantum Global Research Lab in Switzerland, and included contributions by Candice Kelly, Sasha Mentz Lagrange, Florian Kroll, Luke Metelerkamp, and Dr Tarak Kate.

    The report analyses global nexus interconnections (such as the dependence of food systems on energy at every stage of the food value chain) and identifies key drivers, which include economic and population growth, resource depletion, environmental degradation, climate change and globalisation. The study also delved into more detail by analysing the nexus in three case study countries (Malawi, South Africa and Cuba), which represent different levels and types of economic development and ‘socio-metabolic regimes’ (agrarian, industrial and agro-ecological).

    A wide range of mitigation strategies, policies and measures are put forward that can help developing country governments to manage the nexus more effectively. These include ways to strengthen institutions, governance and policy coherence, as well as technical measures to boost resilience and sustainability of energy, food and water systems and to accelerate a transition to green economies.

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    5096
  • Oil Shock Vulnerabilities & Impacts: Case Study of India

    Sumetee Pahwa-Gajjar and Jeremy Wakeford

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    This report presents an Indian country case study of oil dependencies and vulnerabilities to oil price and supply shocks, and forms part of a broader study commissioned by the United Kingdom Department for International Development titled “Oil Shock Mitigation Strategies for Developing Countries”.  It is one of four case studies as part a research project funded by the United Kingdom Department for International Development which analyzed the key socioeconomic vulnerabi

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    5123