Research and Publications

Research & Publications

  • On my watch: a review of environmental education literature, with particular reference to South Africa and South African teenagers 

    Robin Murray

    Year: 2015

    Document type: Student Research

    The primary research objectives were to describe the local context of the study, explore emerging environmental education theoretical themes and detail a number of practical initiatives from around the world.

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    5434
    Education & Learning
  • Quantifying food plate waste: case study of a university dining facility.

    Allan Alooh

    Year: 2015

    Document type: Student Research

    The current study assessed the magnitude, financial cost, causes and level of awareness of FPW in a dining facility at Stellenbosch University, South Africa.

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    5441
    Food Systems
  • Reconceptualising urban food security: an analysis of the everyday negotiations of food access in Lusaka, Zambia

    Frances Davies

    Year: 2015

    Document type: Student Research

    This study calls to attention the everyday experiences of what is an increasing urban food insecurity crisis in southern Africa. It draws on a wide literature review and in-depth qualitative work conducted in Lusaka, Zambia.

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    5426
    Food Systems
  • Renewable Energy Job Creation: A Critical Analysis of the South African Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programmme (REI4P)

    Sarah STands

    Year: 2015

    Document type: Student Research

    This study is comprised of two components, firstly it covers a literature study which informs the development of a meaningful job creation framework which is used to analyse the programme’s bid documentation and publicly available data. Secondly, mixed-methods are utilised to collect quantitative data from the DoE and qualitative data from job creation stakeholders.

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    5429
  • Tensions arising from Sustainability Integration in Business

    Natasja Ambrosio

    Year: 2015

    Document type: Student Research

    This thesis aims to identify the root causes of tensions that arise in the process of sustainability adoption in business. The outcomes of the research highlight the process of organisational and systemic change required in business, and the need for organisational culture and values to align to the values of sustainability.

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    5443
    Leadership & Facilitation
  • The South African System for Agricultural Innovation – Stakeholders, Structure and Process

    Katja Nordwig

    Year: 2015

    Document type: Student Research

    This study makes a contribution to the research about the emergence and functioning of innovation systems in the agricultural sector in developing countries. It determines the current status quo of the South African Agricultural Innovation System and its limitations and shows possible solutions to overcome these.

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    5427
  • Towards an ‘inclusive green economy’ for South Africa: engaging with the informal economy

    Suzanne Smit

    Year: 2015

    Document type: Student Research

    This study analyses the notion an "inclusive green economy" for South Africa with regard to its engagement with the informal economy.

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    5430
    Development Planning
  • Turning points: Exploring power transitions in an incremental upgrading process in Enkanini, Stellenbosch

    Berry Steenkamp Wessels

    Year: 2015

    Document type: Student Research

    This study explored whether co-production of knowledge could contribute to shifting power from government to citizens in an incremental upgrading process. It is premised on the notion that such a shift is desirable.

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    4007
  • Abstracts for 2014 Research Colloquiem

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

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    1871
    Education & Learning
  • An evaluation of the Masupa-Tsela Youth Pioneers Program implemented by the Eastern Cape Department of Social Development and Special Programs within Mhlontlo Local Municipality

    Qaqamba Xalisa

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    This study evaluates the implementation of the Masupa-Tsela Youth Pioneers Programme (MYPP) with a particular focus in Mhlontlo Local Municipality within O.R. Tambo District Municipality in the Eastern Cape Province. Mhlontlo Local Municipality is a rural municipality characterized by high youth unemployment, high youth poverty, low levels of education among youth and low literacy levels among adults. The purpose of the study was to explore and discover whether the intended outcomes of the MYPP were achieved and what the specific challenges of the youth were.

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    5444
    Education & Learning
  • Assessing Global Land Use

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Assessing Global Land Use - Report published in 2014 by International Resource Panel. This report manages to synthesize the literature on global land use and the literature on soil quality. Mark Swilling was a co-lead author.

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    1611
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Assessing the impact of sustainable farming techniques on smallholder farm enterprises in Zimbabwe

    Fanuel Masunda

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    The aim of this thesis was to investigate if the Conservation Agriculture (CA) project being implemented by Zimbabwe Farmers Alliance Trust, a non-governmental organisation, has improved the livelihoods of participant farmers. The research was done in the Mazowe, Chiweshe area where the organisation has been working with farmers with the key objectives of improving food security, livelihoods and stabilising production for the rural households. The research also looked at production trends and adoption levels of CA in the area. Yields were viewed as an important element since food security of rural communities is constantly under threat because of droughts. A key element of the thesis was primary research done in Mazowe Chiweshe Ward 4, where farmers were interviewed to get information on their experiences with the CA project

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    4001
    Food Systems
  • Barriers to and policy opportunities for the growth of renewable energy technologies in South Africa- rethinking the role of municipalities.

    Maloba Tshehla

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    This thesis, via a complex systems approach, explores the major barriers and policy opportunities in the implementation of renewable energy technologies (RETs) by municipalities embedded within the larger ambit of the South African government, as they attempt to address what the author has termed the ‘municipal dilemma’.

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    5445
  • Career opportunities in sustainability-related fields

    Elize Hattingh

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    The focus of this to study is to investigate, career opportunities for graduates of the programme in Sustainable Development, offered by the School of Public Leadership (SPL). 

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    5451
  • Crisis, Cities and Design

    Marjorie Naidoo

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    Assignment submitted for the Applied Economics Module, 2014

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    1952
    Sustainable Cities
  • Developing a Sustainability Benchmarking System: A Case Study of the Provincial Government Western Cape's Immovable Asset Assessment Pilot Project

    Casper Meiring

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    The results of the study found that there exist a missing link between theoretical knowledge of sustainability benchmarking and the legislative requirement of GIAMA and that this missing link is the standardised accurate and verifiable data required for the benchmarking process. In addition to this it was also found that the social aspects of buildings are generally neglected. A universal standard for collection of the required data is also needed. The study also highlighted that a general misperception exists that Environmental Sustainability is synonymous with the Sustainability paradigm.

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    5449
  • Ecocultural assemblages in the urbanizing global south

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Published in book: Pretty, J., Boehme, S Bharucha, Z. 2014. Ecocultures: Blueprints for Sustainable Communities. New York: Routledge.

    There is now serious doubt that the resource base and environmental conditions will continue to exist for developing country cities and their respective hinterlands to emulate the cities that established the norms of urban modernity in the developed world. An overview of the so-called second urbanization wave and its impacts on the global South (both rural, urban and peri-urban), followed by a brief conceptual discussion of the notion of ‘assemblage’ as a way of making sense of the process of reconfiguring - through everyday improvisations - the complex relations between people, materials, nature and cultures. This then provides the context for discussing a range of cases that help to illustrate (rather than rigorously demonstrate) the multiple ecocultural responses to the second urbanization wave. It will be argued that these responses provide signals and lessons for those interested in reconciling the process of rapid urbanization in developing countries with a potentially more just transition to ecologically sustainable modes of urban living.

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    5206
  • Ecological Food Sense: Connections between food waste flows and food production in Enkanini Informal Settlement, Stellenbosch

    Claire Mollatt

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    In situ Informal Settlement Upgrading (ISU) was explored in this thesis, focussing on its relevance to waste service upgrading options immediately available and practically implementable for residents of Enkanini, a poorly serviced township (slum) in Stellenbosch, South Africa. Household food waste (kitchen scraps) was chosen as a key point of entry for exploring the context and viability of in situ improvement of solid waste management services in the area. This was done by investigating ways biological and social aspects of soil quality and food waste management can be incrementally improved in the settlement. Transdisciplinary methodology, Participatory Action Learning and Social Learning perspectives, combined with ecological thinking were used to explore different methods of managing food waste in Enkanini. 

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    4004
  • Exploring energy access and use trends in Tsumkwe, Namibia: an end-user perspective

    Johanna Neumbo

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    The aim of this thesis is to establish a tangible metric by which to evaluate the impact of modern energy access on the livelihoods of rural Sub-Sahara African communities. The narrative is set in Tsumkwe, a remote rural Namibian location some 596 km north-east from the main capital city Windhoek.

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    5448
  • Extractivism and Transition in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges

    Maria Huber

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    This study aims to understand the transition from an extractivism economy in Africa to one more sustainable. It does this by looking at the existing differences presented in the case studies of Nigeria and Botswana, which are two developing countries in Africa but they present different stages of extractivism and resource management.

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    5450
  • EY Paper 2: Making sense of undernutrition and overconsumption

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2014

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Compiled by Luke Metelerkamp on behalf of the Sustainability Institute for EY Food Systems Series: Thought leadership for corporate engagement in global food systems.

    Food system series: Paper II. February 2014. As the severity of the challenges surrounding food systems increases, in particular issues relating to the pricing of, access to and preferences for nutritious food, so too will the challenges facing business in regions where food system dysfunction is most acute. In order to better understand the implications this could have for the private sector, this report seeks to outline the complex linkages between nutrition, society, business and the environment.

    Within this series

    • Paper I: A sustainability review of the global food system
    • Paper II: Making sense of under-nutrition and over-consumption: agenda setting for sustainability in the food sector
    • Paper III: 1913 land act – The state of South African land ownership 100 years on
    • Paper IV: Consolidation in the food system – risks, responsibilities and opportunities
    • Paper V: Soil and sustainability – what every CSR manager needs to know

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    3983
    Food Systems
  • EY Paper 3: 1913 Land Act - the scale of South African land ownership 100 years on.

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2014

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    EY Food Systems Series: Thought leadership for corporate engagement in global food systems.

    Food system series: Paper III. 2014. The 1913 Native Land Act put in place a series of laws and forced removals which meant that by 1993, white people and the apartheid state had annexed over 87% of South African land. This left just 13% of the country’s land available for ownership by the black and coloured people, a group which represented 80% of the population. The legacy of the Act is not simply about land, but almost a century of social, economic and spiritual disempowerment.

    Within this series

    • Paper I: A sustainability review of the global food system
    • Paper II: Making sense of under-nutrition and over-consumption: agenda setting for sustainability in the food sector
    • Paper III: 1913 land act – The state of South African land ownership 100 years on
    • Paper IV: Consolidation in the food system – risks, responsibilities and opportunities
    • Paper V: Soil and sustainability – what every CSR manager needs to know

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    3989
    Food Systems
  • EY Paper 4: Consolidation in the food system - Risks , opportunities, and responsibilities

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2014

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    EY Food Systems Series: Thought leadership for corporate engagement in global food systems.

    Paper IV: From farms to retail, consolidation along the length of the value chains that together make up the food system is a global phenomenon. The findings of Paper 1 in this series identified value chain consolidation as a high priority area for further research. This report aims to elaborate on the consolidation taking place within the South African food system, the goal being to understand better where current power resides within the system and how this could (and should) shift in future. These questions are directly addressed through the analysis of two key value chains; namely, maize and chicken. These two products, both foundational, interconnected but also indicative of different systems illustrate the broad state of play within the South African food value chain at present. With particular reference to recent trends, the research also provides an overview of some of the major power brokers in the South African food value chain.

    Within this series

    • Paper I: A sustainability review of the global food system
    • Paper II: Making sense of under-nutrition and over-consumption: agenda setting for sustainability in the food sector
    • Paper III: 1913 land act – The state of South African land ownership 100 years on
    • Paper IV: Consolidation in the food system – risks, responsibilities and opportunities
    • Paper V: Soil and sustainability – what every CSR manager needs to know

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    3988
    Food Systems
  • Global Food Systems

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2014

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Commissioned by EY (Ernst & Young) this review of the global food systems literature and experiences was compiled by an SI research team led by Luke Metlerkamp

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    1821
    Food Systems
  • Greening African Economies

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Article by Mark Swilling in the Heinrich Boll Foundation publication Perspectives based on his speech at the Africa Union Summit of Ministers of Economics and Finance in Abuja, February 2014.

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    1605
    Sustainable Cities
  • Greening African Economies: reflections on an emerging contested discourse

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Talk by Mark Swilling at African Union Summit in Abuja, 28 March 2014.

    Edited version of a talk by Mark Swilling to the side event on Greening Africa's economies and structural transformation€ at the joint AU/UNECA Conference of Ministers of Finance and Economics, Abuja, 28 March 2014.

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    1757
  • Implications of increasing world oil scarcity for national food security in South Africa

    Jeremy Wakeford, Mark Swilling

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Published in: J. Wakeford & M. Swilling (2014) Implications of increasingworld oil scarcity for national food security in South Africa, Agrekon: AgriculturalEconomics Research, Policy and Practice in Southern Africa, 53:4, 68-91, DOI:10.1080/03031853.2014.974626

    Abstract: Economic and social stability depend on a healthy, functioning and affordable system of agricultural production and food distribution. In recent years, however, international and domestic food prices have risen considerably, partly as a result of rising oil prices. A growing body of literature indicates that world oil supplies will become increasingly scarce and expensive in the coming years, due to the depletion of easily extractable reserves. This poses a significant threat to agricultural production in South Africa, which is overwhelmingly derived from oil-intensive commercial farming. To mitigate the risk of serious disruptions to food production and distribution, the agriculture sector may require government support in the form of temporary fuel subsidies and, possibly, prioritised fuel access in order to cope with oil price shocks and potential fuel scarcity. Furthermore, to boost resilience and improve sustainability for the longer term, the agriculture sector should embark on a programme aimed at gradually reducing the reliance on petroleum products by adopting practices such as conservation agriculture and agro-ecological farming methods.

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    5204
    Food Systems
  • Rethinking the science–policy interface in South Africa: Experiments in knowledge co-production

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Published in: Swilling M. Rethinking the science–policy interface in South Africa: Experiments in knowledge co-production. S Afr J Sci. 2014;110(5/6)

    This article contributes to the increasingly significant discussion about the science–policy interface. The challenge therein is that such a discussion tends to revolve around two seemingly mutually exclusive approaches: the reflexive approach inspired by Maarten Hajer’s work that deconstructs the discourses of participatory policymaking, and the more normative transdisciplinary approaches that legitimise researchers as active change agents.

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    5207
    Sustainable Cities
  • Seed politics: An exploration of power narratives in the South African seed industry

    Stefanie Swanepoel

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (2014): This study attempts to unravel the contradictory power relations shaping South Africa's seed system and to explore spaces of system intervention that could allow alternate seed systems to emerge.

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    5164
    Food Systems
  • Sustainable development assignment

    Rebecca Freeth

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    This was an assignment for the Sustainable Development module submitted by Rebecca Freeth

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    3985
  • Sustainable Regional Development: Developing a Sustainability Assessment Framework for District and Metropolitan Integrated Development Plans

    Roy Gardener

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    The purpose of this literature study was to review current IDP Assessment Frameworks (AFs) used by the national and Western Cape provincial governments to assess IDPs, from a sustainability perspective. A literature review was conducted to establish the meaning of sustainability and sustainable development in the context of regional planning, the challenges facing regional planning, and the issues that need to be addressed in IDPs in order to promote sustainability. The first objective of the literature study was to analyse whether present metropolitan and district IDP assessment frameworks used in the Western Cape address sustainability adequately. The second objective was to develop a Sustainability Assessment Framework (SAF) that addresses relevant sustainability issues, based on new and innovative ways of addressing SD and sustainability at a regional scale.

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    5452
    Development Planning
  • The design, implementation and assessing of an agroecological cropping system by rural KwaZulu-Natal households; its effect on their diet and food security

    Dougie Strachan

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    This thesis documents a Participatory Action Research (PAR) project conducted from 2011 to 2013 in a rural communal area in southern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. It looks at the design, implementation of an agroecological cropping system in this area and how its affect on diet and food security in the area.

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    5446
    Food Systems
  • The design, implementation and assessing of an agroecological cropping system by rural KwaZulu-Natal households; its effect on their diet and food security

    Brian Douglas Strachan

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (2014): This thesis documents a Participatory Action Research (PAR) project conducted from 2011 to 2013 in a rural communal area in southern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The area is a microcosm of the global environmental and socio-economic polycrisis; with adult unemployment at 50 percent, 73 percent female-headed households, heavy dependence on government social grants and a food system reliant on purchased food. 

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    5159
    Food Systems
  • The integration of school garden activities, the classroom and the feeding scheme: A case study of two primary schools in Tigray, North Ethiopia.

    Sofie Blom

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    This study focuses on schools in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia, which have a school feeding programme, school garden and nutrition curriculum. The question studied is: To what extent do two primary schools in central- and east Tigray (North Ethiopia) integrate the feeding scheme, school garden and nutrition curriculum?

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    5453
    Education & Learning
  • Towards a sustainable incremental waste management system in Enkanini: A transdisciplinary case study

    Vanessa von der Heyde

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    This study attempted to combine the issues of waste management, in particular of food waste, and incremental upgrading of informal settlements through a transdisciplinary case study that focuses on upgrading the food waste management system in Enkanini, an informal settlement in Stellenbosch, South Africa. A waste characterisation study undertaken by Stellenbosch Municipality showed that food waste makes up a substantial part of the waste stream generated in Enkanini. As informal settlements often lack adequate waste collection services, the food waste poses a health risk by breeding pathogens and attracting pests.

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    4005
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Two Rivers Urban Park

    SI Projects

    Year: 2014

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Submission by Western Cape Provincial Government to the Internationale Architectuur Biennale Rotterdam 2014 (http://iabr.nl/) - the theme for this Biennale is Urban by Nature based on the urban metabolism approach. The submissions was not successful. 

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    1631
    Development Planning
  • Understanding Ethics in Sustainability Transitions: Towards Social Learning for Sustainable Food Systems

    Cris Robertson

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    This thesis explores the importance of an appropriate understanding of ethics in sustainability transitions. Through a conceptual analysis, it finds that the dominant understanding of modernist ethics is unsuitable to the contexts of contingency in sustainability transitions, and that the participatory understanding of ethics as a complex system presents a far more adequate approach to the ethical complexity of socioecological systems.

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    5447
  • Urban Metabolism

    Gwen Meyer

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    Class assignment by Gwen Meyer for the 2014 Sustainable Cities module - addresses the question of urban metabolism from an innovation perspective, and applies this to the challenge of water use.

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    1951
    Sustainable Cities
  • A study of rural women farmers' access to markets in Chirumanzu

    Sheila Kapungu

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (March 2013). This thesis investigated the issues that rural smallholder women face in accessing markets in developing countries. This thesis gathered evidence from a group of smallholder women farmers in Chirumanzu, Zimbabwe, who are part of a market access project run by Oxfam, in order to highlight the issues that they face in accessing markets for their produce.

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    1902
    Food Systems
  • An investigation into the effectiveness of corporate sustainability programmes and initiatives in the agricultural sector: The case of British American Tobacco Zimbabwe

    Stanley Nyanyirai

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's thesis (2013). The key and clear research objectives of this study are:- to ascertain if there is a link between British American Tobacco Zimbabwe (BATZ) top management philosophy, corporate strategy and the company`s corporate sustainability programmes, initiatives and other efforts, and the various stakeholders, and, if so, how these are communicated to them; to establish the degree of integrating sustainable development practice and initiatives into the BATZ business model in order to have long term benefits for both the company and its various stakeholders - these are an integral part of the socio-ecological system, and will help the business understand the resilience of the system and where in the system they should operate

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    5306
    Food Systems
  • City-Level Decoupling

    Year: 2013

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Report prepared for the International Resource Panel compiled by an SI team. The report was launched in March 2013 jointly by the Director of UN Habitat, Director of UNEP and the Secretary-General of ICLEI.

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    1609
    Sustainable Cities
  • Contesting inclusive urbanism in a divided city: The limits to the neoliberalisation of Cape Town's energy system

    Prof. Mark Swiliing

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Published in: Urban Studies 51(15):3180-3197, October 2013.

    The struggles to define and implement an inclusive non-racial urbanism in South Africa after democratisation in 1994 occurred during the heyday of world-wide diffusion of unevenly developed neoliberalisation processes. This case study of the complexities of transforming Cape Town's energy sector analyses the consequences of these contradictory trajectories by tracking the dynamics of four urbanism typologies: inclusive, splintered, green and slum urbanism. It is argued that, while the imperatives of deracialisation reinforced inclusive trends, neoliberalisation processes reinforced splintered urbanism and its consequences, namely slum urbanism. These dynamics were then overdetermined by environmental changes that have introduced green urbanism as a new arena of contestation.

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    5209
    Sustainable Cities
  • Economic crisis, long waves and the sustainability transition: an African perspective.

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Mark Swilling (2013) Economic crisis, long waves and the sustainability transition: an African perspective. Environmental Innovations and Societal Transitions, 6:96-395.

    To make sense of the global crisis and a possible transition, many re-interpret the past as a set of successive long-term development cycles that could repeat in future. At the same time environmental pressures have resulted in the notion of a green economy. It is argued that the current global economic crisis simultaneously marks the end of the post-WWII long-term development cycle, the mid-point of the information age and potentially the start of a new era of sustainable development. It must be recognised that only certain futures are being imagined with Africa's options largely ignored. As African growth rates rise as demand for its resources increase, it is necessary to question whether Africa is appropriately positioned to take advantage of the next long-term development. The new discourse of €˜resource nationalism is promising, but only if governance modalities can be found that can transcend the resource curse.

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    1629
  • Exploring the idea of the creative class in an African city: a case study of ICT entrepreneurs in Nairobi

    Lauren Rosenberg

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    This study explores Richard Florida's creative class theory within the African context by looking at the Nairobi as an example of a city attracting Kenyan and expatriate creative class workers, especially with regards to the information technology (ICT) sector. The aim of the study is to understand why this group chose to live in Nairobi and also to describe Nairobi's quality of place - with infrastructure disposition as the main focus.

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    5454
    Education & Learning
  • Masters students present their research

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    Programme for 2013 Colloquiem on completed Masters students research

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    1884
    Education & Learning
  • Sustainability in the restaurant industry: a Cape Town study

    Karen Welter

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    Paper presented at the 19th International Sustainable Development Research Conference, Spier 1-3 July 2013, co-hosted by the SI. (Karen Welter graduated from the Mphil in Sustainable Development, this paper was based on her thesis.)

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    1676
    Sustainable Cities
  • Talk by Mark Swilling on Transdisciplinary Research

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Voice recording of a talk by Mark Swilling at the 2013 Summer School on Transdisciplinary Research - areflections on how to apply transdisciplinary case research within the African context.

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    1839
    Education & Learning
  • Talk presented by Mark Swilling, Nairobi, 2 Nov 2013

    Mark Swilling

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Talk presented by Mark Swilling to an International Resource Panel engagement with African policy makers in Nairobi, 2 November, 2013.

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    1758
  • The benefits of agritourism: Two case studies in the Western Cape

    Chantell van Niekerk

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    The amalgamation of the two large industries, agriculture and tourism, created a new industry called agritourism. Current farming practices are not securing employment opportunities for farm workers, and this situation will be aggravated by the increased economic pressures on farming. Agritourism is seen as a diversification option which could assist in creating jobs for the vulnerable and unemployed farm community, while at the same time create financial incentives to the farmer. This study specifically focused on the advantages which could be derived from agritourism, with Sen’s Capabilities Theory being used as frame of reference when determining the non-financial benefits accruing to the local community on the farm.

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    4000
    Social Innovation
  • The Witsand Human Settlement Project: A Participatory Process to establish a Sustainable Human Settlement?

    Litha Magida

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    The aim of this study was to examine and evaluate the Witsand Integrated Energy Environment Empowerment Cost Optimisation (iEEECO) Human Settlement Project in terms of lessons related to the sustainable human settlements and sustainability.

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    5455
    Development Planning