Research and Publications

Research & Publications

  • Africa’s game changers and the catalysts of social and system innovation

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2016

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Swilling, M. 2016. Africa’s game changers and the catalysts of social and system innovation. Ecology and Society 21(1):37.

    Abstract: It is widely recognized that many African economies are being transformed by rapid economic growth driven largely by rising demand for the abundant natural resources scattered across the African continent. I critically review the mainstream game changing dynamics driving this process, with special reference to a set of influential policy-oriented documents. This is followed by an analysis of less-recognized game-changing dynamics that have, in turn, been affected by the mainstream game-changing dynamics.

    Download

    5200
    Sustainable Cities
  • Multi-Scale Governance of Sustainable Natural Resource Use

    Stefan Bringezu, Janez Potocnik, Heinz Schandl, Yonglong Lu, Anu Ramaswami, Mark Swilling, Sangwon Suh

    Year: 2016

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Multi-Scale Governance of Sustainable Natural Resource Use - Challenges and Opportunities for Monitoring and Institutional Development at the National and Global Level. Published in inSustainability 8(8):778, August 2016. 

    In a globalized economy, the use of natural resources is determined by the demand of modern production and consumption systems, and by infrastructure development. Sustainable natural resource use will require good governance and management based on sound scientific information, data and indicators. There is a rich literature on natural resource management, yet the national and global scale and macro-economic policy making has been underrepresented. We provide an overview of the scholarly literature on multi-scale governance of natural resources, focusing on the information required by relevant actors from local to global scale.

    Download

    5201
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Small holder farmers and organic agriculture in South Africa

    Candice Kelly and Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2016

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    This paper is a systematic review of published literature on organic agriculture in South Africa. It represents the first step of a Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammen arbeit (GIZ) funded project led by the Southern African Food Lab (SAFL), under the auspices of Stellenbosch University, on the future of smallholder organic agriculture in South Africa.

    Download

    3987
  • Community & Food: The Sustainability Institute Cookbook

    Eduardo Shimahara

    Year: 2015

    Document type: Student Research

    This cookbook is a small version of a Masters Thesis written by Eduardo Shimahara to be launched at the end of 2015. It is part of a thesis that is not yet published, please do not distribute this copy. The full work is under a Creative Commons license and free for downloading.

    Download

    3965
    Food Systems
  • Developmental States and Sustainability Transitions: Prospects of a Just Transition in South Africa

    Swilling, Josephine Musango & Jeremy Wakeford

    Year: 2015

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    To cite this article: Mark Swilling, Josephine Musango & Jeremy Wakeford (2015): Developmental States and Sustainability Transitions: Prospects of a Just Transition in South Africa, Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning

    Since the onset of the global economic crisis in 2007/2008 two key trends have made it necessary to reconceptualize the relationship between development and sustainability: the rapid rise of the so-called ‘BRICS’ and the emergence of the green economy discourse and now since 2015 the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals. To address this challenge with respect to developing economies in the global South, this paper endeavours to fuse the core conceptual concerns of the developmental state and sustainability transition literatures. It is argued that a just transition would consist of a dual commitment to human well-being (with respect to income, education and health) and sustainability (with respect to decarbonization, resource efficiency and ecosystem restoration).

    Download

    5203
  • Turning points: Exploring power transitions in an incremental upgrading process in Enkanini, Stellenbosch

    Berry Steenkamp Wessels

    Year: 2015

    Document type: Student Research

    This study explored whether co-production of knowledge could contribute to shifting power from government to citizens in an incremental upgrading process. It is premised on the notion that such a shift is desirable.

    Download

    4007
  • Abstracts for 2014 Research Colloquiem

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    Download

    1871
    Education & Learning
  • Assessing Global Land Use

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Assessing Global Land Use - Report published in 2014 by International Resource Panel. This report manages to synthesize the literature on global land use and the literature on soil quality. Mark Swilling was a co-lead author.

    Download

    1611
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Assessing the impact of sustainable farming techniques on smallholder farm enterprises in Zimbabwe

    Fanuel Masunda

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    The aim of this thesis was to investigate if the Conservation Agriculture (CA) project being implemented by Zimbabwe Farmers Alliance Trust, a non-governmental organisation, has improved the livelihoods of participant farmers. The research was done in the Mazowe, Chiweshe area where the organisation has been working with farmers with the key objectives of improving food security, livelihoods and stabilising production for the rural households. The research also looked at production trends and adoption levels of CA in the area. Yields were viewed as an important element since food security of rural communities is constantly under threat because of droughts. A key element of the thesis was primary research done in Mazowe Chiweshe Ward 4, where farmers were interviewed to get information on their experiences with the CA project

    Download

    4001
    Food Systems
  • Crisis, Cities and Design

    Marjorie Naidoo

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    Assignment submitted for the Applied Economics Module, 2014

    Download

    1952
    Sustainable Cities
  • Ecocultural assemblages in the urbanizing global south

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Published in book: Pretty, J., Boehme, S Bharucha, Z. 2014. Ecocultures: Blueprints for Sustainable Communities. New York: Routledge.

    There is now serious doubt that the resource base and environmental conditions will continue to exist for developing country cities and their respective hinterlands to emulate the cities that established the norms of urban modernity in the developed world. An overview of the so-called second urbanization wave and its impacts on the global South (both rural, urban and peri-urban), followed by a brief conceptual discussion of the notion of ‘assemblage’ as a way of making sense of the process of reconfiguring - through everyday improvisations - the complex relations between people, materials, nature and cultures. This then provides the context for discussing a range of cases that help to illustrate (rather than rigorously demonstrate) the multiple ecocultural responses to the second urbanization wave. It will be argued that these responses provide signals and lessons for those interested in reconciling the process of rapid urbanization in developing countries with a potentially more just transition to ecologically sustainable modes of urban living.

    Download

    5206
  • Ecological Food Sense: Connections between food waste flows and food production in Enkanini Informal Settlement, Stellenbosch

    Claire Mollatt

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    In situ Informal Settlement Upgrading (ISU) was explored in this thesis, focussing on its relevance to waste service upgrading options immediately available and practically implementable for residents of Enkanini, a poorly serviced township (slum) in Stellenbosch, South Africa. Household food waste (kitchen scraps) was chosen as a key point of entry for exploring the context and viability of in situ improvement of solid waste management services in the area. This was done by investigating ways biological and social aspects of soil quality and food waste management can be incrementally improved in the settlement. Transdisciplinary methodology, Participatory Action Learning and Social Learning perspectives, combined with ecological thinking were used to explore different methods of managing food waste in Enkanini. 

    Download

    4004
  • EY Paper 2: Making sense of undernutrition and overconsumption

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2014

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Compiled by Luke Metelerkamp on behalf of the Sustainability Institute for EY Food Systems Series: Thought leadership for corporate engagement in global food systems.

    Food system series: Paper II. February 2014. As the severity of the challenges surrounding food systems increases, in particular issues relating to the pricing of, access to and preferences for nutritious food, so too will the challenges facing business in regions where food system dysfunction is most acute. In order to better understand the implications this could have for the private sector, this report seeks to outline the complex linkages between nutrition, society, business and the environment.

    Within this series

    • Paper I: A sustainability review of the global food system
    • Paper II: Making sense of under-nutrition and over-consumption: agenda setting for sustainability in the food sector
    • Paper III: 1913 land act – The state of South African land ownership 100 years on
    • Paper IV: Consolidation in the food system – risks, responsibilities and opportunities
    • Paper V: Soil and sustainability – what every CSR manager needs to know

    Download

    3983
    Food Systems
  • EY Paper 3: 1913 Land Act - the scale of South African land ownership 100 years on.

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2014

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    EY Food Systems Series: Thought leadership for corporate engagement in global food systems.

    Food system series: Paper III. 2014. The 1913 Native Land Act put in place a series of laws and forced removals which meant that by 1993, white people and the apartheid state had annexed over 87% of South African land. This left just 13% of the country’s land available for ownership by the black and coloured people, a group which represented 80% of the population. The legacy of the Act is not simply about land, but almost a century of social, economic and spiritual disempowerment.

    Within this series

    • Paper I: A sustainability review of the global food system
    • Paper II: Making sense of under-nutrition and over-consumption: agenda setting for sustainability in the food sector
    • Paper III: 1913 land act – The state of South African land ownership 100 years on
    • Paper IV: Consolidation in the food system – risks, responsibilities and opportunities
    • Paper V: Soil and sustainability – what every CSR manager needs to know

    Download

    3989
    Food Systems
  • EY Paper 4: Consolidation in the food system - Risks , opportunities, and responsibilities

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2014

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    EY Food Systems Series: Thought leadership for corporate engagement in global food systems.

    Paper IV: From farms to retail, consolidation along the length of the value chains that together make up the food system is a global phenomenon. The findings of Paper 1 in this series identified value chain consolidation as a high priority area for further research. This report aims to elaborate on the consolidation taking place within the South African food system, the goal being to understand better where current power resides within the system and how this could (and should) shift in future. These questions are directly addressed through the analysis of two key value chains; namely, maize and chicken. These two products, both foundational, interconnected but also indicative of different systems illustrate the broad state of play within the South African food value chain at present. With particular reference to recent trends, the research also provides an overview of some of the major power brokers in the South African food value chain.

    Within this series

    • Paper I: A sustainability review of the global food system
    • Paper II: Making sense of under-nutrition and over-consumption: agenda setting for sustainability in the food sector
    • Paper III: 1913 land act – The state of South African land ownership 100 years on
    • Paper IV: Consolidation in the food system – risks, responsibilities and opportunities
    • Paper V: Soil and sustainability – what every CSR manager needs to know

    Download

    3988
    Food Systems
  • Global Food Systems

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2014

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Commissioned by EY (Ernst & Young) this review of the global food systems literature and experiences was compiled by an SI research team led by Luke Metlerkamp

    Download

    1821
    Food Systems
  • Greening African Economies

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Article by Mark Swilling in the Heinrich Boll Foundation publication Perspectives based on his speech at the Africa Union Summit of Ministers of Economics and Finance in Abuja, February 2014.

    Download

    1605
    Sustainable Cities
  • Greening African Economies: reflections on an emerging contested discourse

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Talk by Mark Swilling at African Union Summit in Abuja, 28 March 2014.

    Edited version of a talk by Mark Swilling to the side event on Greening Africa's economies and structural transformation€ at the joint AU/UNECA Conference of Ministers of Finance and Economics, Abuja, 28 March 2014.

    Download

    1757
  • Implications of increasing world oil scarcity for national food security in South Africa

    Jeremy Wakeford, Mark Swilling

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Published in: J. Wakeford & M. Swilling (2014) Implications of increasingworld oil scarcity for national food security in South Africa, Agrekon: AgriculturalEconomics Research, Policy and Practice in Southern Africa, 53:4, 68-91, DOI:10.1080/03031853.2014.974626

    Abstract: Economic and social stability depend on a healthy, functioning and affordable system of agricultural production and food distribution. In recent years, however, international and domestic food prices have risen considerably, partly as a result of rising oil prices. A growing body of literature indicates that world oil supplies will become increasingly scarce and expensive in the coming years, due to the depletion of easily extractable reserves. This poses a significant threat to agricultural production in South Africa, which is overwhelmingly derived from oil-intensive commercial farming. To mitigate the risk of serious disruptions to food production and distribution, the agriculture sector may require government support in the form of temporary fuel subsidies and, possibly, prioritised fuel access in order to cope with oil price shocks and potential fuel scarcity. Furthermore, to boost resilience and improve sustainability for the longer term, the agriculture sector should embark on a programme aimed at gradually reducing the reliance on petroleum products by adopting practices such as conservation agriculture and agro-ecological farming methods.

    Download

    5204
    Food Systems
  • Rethinking the science–policy interface in South Africa: Experiments in knowledge co-production

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Published in: Swilling M. Rethinking the science–policy interface in South Africa: Experiments in knowledge co-production. S Afr J Sci. 2014;110(5/6)

    This article contributes to the increasingly significant discussion about the science–policy interface. The challenge therein is that such a discussion tends to revolve around two seemingly mutually exclusive approaches: the reflexive approach inspired by Maarten Hajer’s work that deconstructs the discourses of participatory policymaking, and the more normative transdisciplinary approaches that legitimise researchers as active change agents.

    Download

    5207
    Sustainable Cities
  • Seed politics: An exploration of power narratives in the South African seed industry

    Stefanie Swanepoel

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (2014): This study attempts to unravel the contradictory power relations shaping South Africa's seed system and to explore spaces of system intervention that could allow alternate seed systems to emerge.

    Download

    5164
    Food Systems
  • Sustainable development assignment

    Rebecca Freeth

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    This was an assignment for the Sustainable Development module submitted by Rebecca Freeth

    Download

    3985
  • The design, implementation and assessing of an agroecological cropping system by rural KwaZulu-Natal households; its effect on their diet and food security

    Brian Douglas Strachan

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (2014): This thesis documents a Participatory Action Research (PAR) project conducted from 2011 to 2013 in a rural communal area in southern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The area is a microcosm of the global environmental and socio-economic polycrisis; with adult unemployment at 50 percent, 73 percent female-headed households, heavy dependence on government social grants and a food system reliant on purchased food. 

    Download

    5159
    Food Systems
  • Towards a sustainable incremental waste management system in Enkanini: A transdisciplinary case study

    Vanessa von der Heyde

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    This study attempted to combine the issues of waste management, in particular of food waste, and incremental upgrading of informal settlements through a transdisciplinary case study that focuses on upgrading the food waste management system in Enkanini, an informal settlement in Stellenbosch, South Africa. A waste characterisation study undertaken by Stellenbosch Municipality showed that food waste makes up a substantial part of the waste stream generated in Enkanini. As informal settlements often lack adequate waste collection services, the food waste poses a health risk by breeding pathogens and attracting pests.

    Download

    4005
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Two Rivers Urban Park

    SI Projects

    Year: 2014

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Submission by Western Cape Provincial Government to the Internationale Architectuur Biennale Rotterdam 2014 (http://iabr.nl/) - the theme for this Biennale is Urban by Nature based on the urban metabolism approach. The submissions was not successful. 

    Download

    1631
    Development Planning
  • Urban Metabolism

    Gwen Meyer

    Year: 2014

    Document type: Student Research

    Class assignment by Gwen Meyer for the 2014 Sustainable Cities module - addresses the question of urban metabolism from an innovation perspective, and applies this to the challenge of water use.

    Download

    1951
    Sustainable Cities
  • A study of rural women farmers' access to markets in Chirumanzu

    Sheila Kapungu

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (March 2013). This thesis investigated the issues that rural smallholder women face in accessing markets in developing countries. This thesis gathered evidence from a group of smallholder women farmers in Chirumanzu, Zimbabwe, who are part of a market access project run by Oxfam, in order to highlight the issues that they face in accessing markets for their produce.

    Download

    1902
    Food Systems
  • An investigation into the effectiveness of corporate sustainability programmes and initiatives in the agricultural sector: The case of British American Tobacco Zimbabwe

    Stanley Nyanyirai

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's thesis (2013). The key and clear research objectives of this study are:- to ascertain if there is a link between British American Tobacco Zimbabwe (BATZ) top management philosophy, corporate strategy and the company`s corporate sustainability programmes, initiatives and other efforts, and the various stakeholders, and, if so, how these are communicated to them; to establish the degree of integrating sustainable development practice and initiatives into the BATZ business model in order to have long term benefits for both the company and its various stakeholders - these are an integral part of the socio-ecological system, and will help the business understand the resilience of the system and where in the system they should operate

    Download

    5306
    Food Systems
  • City-Level Decoupling

    Year: 2013

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Report prepared for the International Resource Panel compiled by an SI team. The report was launched in March 2013 jointly by the Director of UN Habitat, Director of UNEP and the Secretary-General of ICLEI.

    Download

    1609
    Sustainable Cities
  • Contesting inclusive urbanism in a divided city: The limits to the neoliberalisation of Cape Town's energy system

    Prof. Mark Swiliing

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Published in: Urban Studies 51(15):3180-3197, October 2013.

    The struggles to define and implement an inclusive non-racial urbanism in South Africa after democratisation in 1994 occurred during the heyday of world-wide diffusion of unevenly developed neoliberalisation processes. This case study of the complexities of transforming Cape Town's energy sector analyses the consequences of these contradictory trajectories by tracking the dynamics of four urbanism typologies: inclusive, splintered, green and slum urbanism. It is argued that, while the imperatives of deracialisation reinforced inclusive trends, neoliberalisation processes reinforced splintered urbanism and its consequences, namely slum urbanism. These dynamics were then overdetermined by environmental changes that have introduced green urbanism as a new arena of contestation.

    Download

    5209
    Sustainable Cities
  • Economic crisis, long waves and the sustainability transition: an African perspective.

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Mark Swilling (2013) Economic crisis, long waves and the sustainability transition: an African perspective. Environmental Innovations and Societal Transitions, 6:96-395.

    To make sense of the global crisis and a possible transition, many re-interpret the past as a set of successive long-term development cycles that could repeat in future. At the same time environmental pressures have resulted in the notion of a green economy. It is argued that the current global economic crisis simultaneously marks the end of the post-WWII long-term development cycle, the mid-point of the information age and potentially the start of a new era of sustainable development. It must be recognised that only certain futures are being imagined with Africa's options largely ignored. As African growth rates rise as demand for its resources increase, it is necessary to question whether Africa is appropriately positioned to take advantage of the next long-term development. The new discourse of €˜resource nationalism is promising, but only if governance modalities can be found that can transcend the resource curse.

    Download

    1629
  • Masters students pressent their research

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    Programme for 2013 Colloquiem on completed Masters students research

    Download

    1884
    Education & Learning
  • Sustainability in the restaurant industry: a Cape Town study

    Karen Welter

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    Paper presented at the 19th International Sustainable Development Research Conference, Spier 1-3 July 2013, co-hosted by the SI. (Karen Welter graduated from the Mphil in Sustainable Development, this paper was based on her thesis.)

    Download

    1676
    Sustainable Cities
  • Talk by Mark Swilling on Transdisciplinary Research

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Voice recording of a talk by Mark Swilling at the 2013 Summer School on Transdisciplinary Research - areflections on how to apply transdisciplinary case research within the African context.

    Download

    1839
    Education & Learning
  • Talk presented by Mark Swilling, Nairobi, 2 Nov 2013

    Mark Swilling

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Talk presented by Mark Swilling to an International Resource Panel engagement with African policy makers in Nairobi, 2 November, 2013.

    Download

    1758
  • The benefits of agritourism in the Western Cape

    Chantell van Niekerk

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (2013). The amalgamation of the two large industries, agriculture and tourism, created a new industry called agritourism. Current farming practices are not securing employment opportunities for farm workers, and this situation will be aggravated by the increased economic pressures on farming. Agritourism is seen as a diversification option which could assist in creating jobs for the vulnerable and unemployed farm community, while at the same time create financial incentives to the farmer. This study specifically focused on the advantages which could be derived from agritourism, with Sen's Capabilities Theory being used as frame of reference when determining the non-financial benefits accruing to the local community on the farm.

    Download

    1919
    Resource Efficiencies
  • The benefits of agritourism: Two case studies in the Western Cape

    Chantell van Niekerk

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    The amalgamation of the two large industries, agriculture and tourism, created a new industry called agritourism. Current farming practices are not securing employment opportunities for farm workers, and this situation will be aggravated by the increased economic pressures on farming. Agritourism is seen as a diversification option which could assist in creating jobs for the vulnerable and unemployed farm community, while at the same time create financial incentives to the farmer. This study specifically focused on the advantages which could be derived from agritourism, with Sen’s Capabilities Theory being used as frame of reference when determining the non-financial benefits accruing to the local community on the farm.

    Download

    4000
    Social Innovation
  • Towards Sustainable Futures: Exploring Ecological Learning

    Patricia Pangeti

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    Towards Sustainable Futures: Exploring Ecological Learning in Early Childhood Development (ECD). Thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements of the Mphil in Sustainable Development, 2013.

    Abstract

    This study is an inquiry into the usefulness of ecological learning in ECD, towards developing conscious future citizens who promote sustainable and ecological balance on the earth. The core objective is to understand current trends, scope, content and methodologies involved in ecological learning and how they may assist in preparing a proecological generation. The study employs a literature review methodology to explore the concept of ecological learning in ECD; examining the application of this paradigm to the sector of ECD through an exploration of the practice of ecological learning in 2 case studies of ECD centres (the Lynedoch EcoVillage and Campus Kindergarten) that place ecological learning at the core of their practice.

    Download

    1892
    Education & Learning
  • Unearthing the determintants required for off-grid subsistence: a case study

    Matthew Mentz

    Year: 2013

    Document type: Student Research

    This study is based on the personal four-year journey of the researcher in an attempt to develop an off-grid, sustainable self-sufficient livelihood and habitation on a 1 000-square metre piece of rural land in the heritage mission village of Suurbraak, Western Cape, South Africa. 

     

    Download

    1908
    Education & Learning
  • Agriculture and the payment for environmental services

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    This short op-ed article commissioned by Farmers Weekly explores the role farmers play in the maintenance of important environmental services such as carbon sequestration and watershed management. It uses Costa Rica's land mark payment for environmental services (PES) mechanisms to demonstrate the role that market based tools can play in balancing conservation with agriculture. Links are made back to South Africa.

    Download

    1820
    Food Systems
  • Building corporate resilience - case study of Spier Holding's seach for a lower-carbon future

    Sumetee Pahwa-Gajjar

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    Doctoral Thesis (December 2012). Supervisor: Mark Swilling. A study of the sustainability journey of Spier Holdings, a well known wine and leisure business in South Africa, offers a unique opportunity for interrogating corporate drivers for a lower carbon future. The business has established sustainability as a brand identity, declared carbon neutrality as a macro organisational goal in response to the global challenge of climate change, and sought scientifically and technologically appropriate ways of addressing this challenge.  As a contribution to new knowledge, this thesis proposes an integrated corporate resilience framework for building enterprise resilience and ecological sustainability. This framework, and the accompanying mapping tool, reveals deep, ecological drivers for Spier's environmental performance across corporate areas of lower carbon emissions, water sustainability, wastewater treatment, solid waste recycling and ecological custodianship.

    Download

    1927
  • Conceptualising a Sustainable Energy Solution for Informal Settlement Upgrading

    Andreas Keller

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (2012). This thesis analyses the South African Government's approach to incremental upgrading of informal settlements. An alternative is proposed that includes ecological design. An actual model was built to test the alternative in the settlement of Enkanini, Stellenbosch. This was the thesis that gave rise to what has come to be called the iShack approach to incremental upgrading of informal settlements.

    Download

    1904
    Renewable Energy
  • Cuba: A case study of agricultural crisis management

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Abstract:

    This short op-ed article commissioned by Farmers Weekly explores the pros and cons of the Cuban revolution from a food systems perspective. It gives a brief background to the stresses and challenges the country faces and then discusses the role urban agriculture and low external input farming have played in restoring relative food security.

    Download

    1832
    Food Systems
  • Deep Ecology and the Ubuntu Girl

    Andrew Cole

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    Assignment submitted for the Sustainable Development module of the Postgraduate Diploma in Sustainable Development, 2012.

    Download

    1964
    Education & Learning
  • Downscaling to increase output: specialising in low-input/high-output intensive farming systems

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Abstract:

    This short article commissioned by Farmer's Weekly is based on the premise that small-scale farming systems should not be interpreted as implicitly unproductive or unprofitable. Via discussion and the use of three examples, the article argues that if done correctly a shift to smaller farming systems could be extremely beneficial to all who live in South Africa.

    Key words:Poly-cropping, agricultural innovation, farm sizes, food systems, food security 

    Download

    1836
    Food Systems
  • Green Economy and SA's Challenges

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Prof Mark Swilling delivered this talk in Parliament, Cape Town, on 19 April 2012 - attended by about 80 people, including MPs and Ministers.

    Download

    1768
  • Informal Settlement Upgrading in Cape Town's Hangberg

    Walter Fieuw

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    Using the case study research methodology, the study seeks to unravel the governance complexities elicited by this potentially progressive planning intervention. Four theoretical prisms are used to probe and investigate the primary case study (Hangberg) due to the different ways of ‘seeing and grappling’ and ‘narrating’ a complex tale. This is characterised by the dialectics of power and powerlessness; regime stabilisation and destabilisation; formalisation and informalisation; continuity and discontinuity. These prisms are: urban informality, urban governance, deepening democracy, and socio-spatial justice. By utilising these four theoretical prisms, the study found the Hangberg case to be atypical of development trajectories, on the one hand, and conforming to the enduring neoliberal governance logics, on the other. In the concluding chapter, the study critically engages prospects of realising post-apartheid spatialities by considering recent policy shifts and programmes with the potential of realising the poor’s ‘right to the city’.

    1883
    Renewable Energy
  • Just Transitions and the Next Long-Term Development Cycle: Warnings from Africa

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    This paper will be delivered at conferences in Copenhagen and Brisbane taking place in August and September 2012 respectively. Building on the core arguments developed in his book co-authored with Eve Annecke entitled Just Transitions: Explorations of Sustainability in an Unfair World, this paper examines storlines of the future developed from various influential perspectives. Using the Multi-Level Perspective, Mark Swilling elaborates and extends his conception of transition to a more sustainable world.

    Download

    1643
  • Sanjeevak as a source of nutrients

    Richard Orendo-Smith

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    The use of cowdung as an organic fertilizer in Asian and African agriculture is an ancient practice. This explains its renewed interest, partly due to the financial inability of most farmers to purchase agrochemicals but also the ever increasing need to adopt greener technologies that do not adversely affect soil health, water quality,biodiversity and promote sustained or even increased food production. In this context, many innovative farmers have developed their own novel technologies based on the use of local resources. One such innovation is Sanjeevak (a mix of cow dung, cow urine, water and a handful of sugar); which showed very promising boosting effect on crop productivity. However, very little scientific work has so far been conducted to evaluate its effect as an organic product for soil amendments.

    Download

    1930
    Food Systems
  • Socioeconomic implications of global oil depletion for South Africa

    Jeremy Wakeford

    Year: 2012

    Document type: Student Research

    Oil is the quintessential resource in the modern industrial economy. It accounts for a third of world primary energy, fuels 95% of global transport systems, sustains a highly mechanised agribusiness and food distribution industry, and provides the feedstock for a staggering array of petrochemical products. Historically, global economic growth has been closely coupled with consumption of energy in general and oil in particular. Yet oil is a finite resource subject to depletion, which has profound implications for the long-term sustainability of industrial civilisation. This dissertation addresses a serious dearth of attention given to this vital subject within South African energy, economic and policy discourses. The overarching aims are to understand the implications of global oil depletion for socioeconomic welfare in South Africa and to propose viable strategies and policies for mitigating and adapting to potential negative impacts. 

    Download

    1929