Research and Publications

Research & Publications

  • Building sustainable neighbourhoods in South Africa: Learning from the Lynedoch case

    Mark Swilling & Eve Annecke

    Year: 2006

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Published in: Environment and Urbanization 2006 18: 315.

    Urban development strategies that aim to eradicate poverty will only be successful if these strategies include ecological sustainability criteria relating to sanitation, solid waste removal, energy, building materials and food security.(1) This paper uses the Lynedoch EcoVillage development in Stellenbosch (near Cape Town) to demonstrate that this can result in a balance between growth, equity and sustainability without any one of these criteria being seen as less or more important. In practice, however, judgments need to be made, and original intentions are often thwarted by conditions as they emerge during the course of the development process. Lynedoch EcoVillage is a significant case because it is the first intentional, socially mixed ecologically designed urban development in the South African context. To this extent, the Lynedoch Development is a challenge to both the traditional unsustainable approaches to urban design and infrastructure that have dominated the democratic period in South Africa since 1994, and to the perpetuation of economic apartheid whereby the rich and poor have remained segregated.

     

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    5213
    Sustainable Cities
  • Cape Town Organic Produce Cooperative

    Rebecca Freeth

    Year: 2006

    Document type: Student Research

    In this essay submitted for the Sustainable Development; Module of the Mphil Programme in 2006, Rebecca Freeth (from Cape Town) provides an analysis from a sustainability perspective of a unique organic produce cooperative that operates in Cape Town.

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    1969
    Food Systems
  • Land reform & biodiversity conservation

    Wendy Crane

    Year: 2006

    Document type: Student Research

    Wendy Crane, an independent sustainable development consultant based in the Southern Cape, wrote this article on the relationship between land reform and biodiversity conservation in the Southern Cape in fulfillment of the research project requirement of her Mphil degree. She graduated in April 2006. The article has been accepted for publication in the accredited journal Geoforum, 22 August 2006.

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    1669
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Leaving Utopia - Sustainable Development

    Fleur Bologne

    Year: 2006

    Document type: Student Research

    In this essay submitted in 2006 for the Sustainable Development Module, Fleur Bologne from Holland reflects on the consumer cultures of developed economies and the implications from a sustainability perspective.

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    1967
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Natural Resources and Conflict in Sudan

    Francis Caas

    Year: 2006

    Document type: Student Research

    Natural Resources and Conflict in Sudan was submitted by Francis Caas in 2006. It is one of two academic journal articles on 'resource wars', i.e. military conflicts over control of primary resources. This is a case study of Sudan.

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    Resource Efficiencies
  • Overview of Lynedoch EcoVillage

    Mark Swilling & Eve Annecke

    Year: 2006

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Swilling, M. Annecke, E. 2006. Building sustainable neighbourhoods in South Africa: learning from the Lynedoch case. Environment and Urbanization, 18(2): 315-332. 

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    1737
    Education & Learning
  • Sustainable Development and Dematerialisation

    Wikus Kruger

    Year: 2006

    Document type: Student Research

    In this essay submitted for the Sustainable Development Module 2006, Wikus Kruger explores the big issues of our day and concludes that although it does seem that all the means exist to build a more sustainable world via dematerialisation, he wonders whether human beings have what it takes to make the choices the need to be made before it is too late. Keywords: sustainable development, dematerialisation, consumption, lifestyle.

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    1966
    Sustainable Cities
  • Sustainable Development and Environmental Impact Assessment

    Gerhard Gerber

    Year: 2006

    Document type: Student Research

    In this essay submitted for the Sustainable Development module 2006, Gerhard Gerber provides a comprehensive review of the sustainable development literature, and then uses this to review the nature and implications of Environmental Impact Assessments in the Western Cape.

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    1903
    Development Planning
  • Urban water resources in Windhoek, Namibia

    Francois Van Rensburg

    Year: 2006

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (2006). It analyses the various systems that Windhoek has developed to ensure longer-term water security, and some the problems that require solutions.

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    Resource Efficiencies
  • Urban Water Security in the City of Windhoek

    Francois Van Rensburg

    Year: 2006

    Document type: Student Research

    Review of policies and strategies adopted by the City of Windhoek, Namibia, to secure access to and conserve water resources. Mphil Integrated Assignment.

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    Resource Efficiencies
  • Working for Water: a Deep Ecology Perspective (2006)

    Jennifer Gouza

    Year: 2006

    Document type: Student Research

    This essay submitted for the Sustainable Development 2006 module analyses a Working for Water Project in St. Francis Bay, Eastern Cape. She combines a sustainability framework with a deep ecology perspective to reveal new relationships within communities and between communities and natural systems.

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    Education & Learning
  • A study of efficiency and potential of ecovillage as an alternative urban model

    Berendine Irrgang

    Year: 2005

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (2005). This thesis discusses the emerging literature on ecovillages and the approaches that were adopted during the design of the Lynedoch EcoVillage. Keywords: ecovillage, sustainable urban development, ecological planning, Lynedoch.

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    Resource Efficiencies
  • Cape Town 2025

    Mark Swilling

    Year: 2005

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Paper by Mark Swilling commissioned by the Isandla Institute for presentation at the Cape Town 2025 Conference, June 2005. Reviews the relationship between consumption, footprints, infrastructure planning and sustainable resource use in Cape Town.

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    Sustainable Cities
  • Community Participation in Huidare Informal Settlement, Windhoek

    Tutaleni Nampila

    Year: 2005

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's Thesis (2005). Reviews the dynamics of community participation in Huidare Informal Settlement in Windhoek, Namibia, and contrasts this reality with the stated intentions of government policies with respect to participation. 

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    1924
    Leadership & Facilitation
  • An experiment in living and learning - the Lynedoch story

    Year: 2004

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Paper published in 2004 by Mark Swilling and Eve Annecke in a book about the transition which captured the patterns of thinking that inspired the Lynedoch EcoVillage development.

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  • Biodiversity Economy

    Wendy Crane

    Year: 2003

    Document type: Student Research

    This article was published by Trialogue based on research that Wendy Crane (2003 intake) conducted for her final Mphil research project.

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    1659
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Scope and Size of the Non-Profit Sector in South Africa

    Mark Swilling & Bev Russel

    Year: 2002

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Published in: Scope and Size of the Non-Profit Sector in South Africa, by Mark Swilling and Bev Russel. 2002. Durban: Centre for Civil Society. This study was published as a book which is no longer available. The full text of this book can be accessed here.

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    1681
    Sustainable Cities
  • ‘My Soul I Can See’: The Limits of Governing African Cities in a Context of Globalisation

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Mtshali's famous poem about Johannesburg's main street was written during the apartheid era. It questions the illusion created by apartheid, and suggests that the blind and poor are better able to see the soul of the city. But now that apartheid has gone - as has colonialism in the rest of Africa - are we really any closer to 'seeing' and therefore understanding the soul(s) of the African city? This paper suggests that we are not.  We argue that the reason for this lies in our remarkably persistent attachment to forms of urban modernity that originated in European and American contexts that cannot be compared to the cultural, political and economic contexts shaping African cities today. 

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    1689
    Sustainable Cities
  • A review of the literature on smallholder farmers and organic agriculture in South Africa (2015)

    Candice Kelly and Luke Metelerkamp

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    In 2015, the Southern Africa Food Lab commissioned Candice and Luke to provide a review of the literature on organic agriculture and smallholders in South Africa. This was one of the starting points for a larger project conducted by the Lab for GIZ.

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    5302
    Food Systems
  • Africa 2050: Brief prepared for Resource Panel meeting, November 2010

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Discussion paper prepared by Mark Swilling for the 7th meeting of the International Panel for Sustainable Resource Management - focus is on optimism about economic growth in Africa, but the resource curse remains.

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  • Africa 2050: Growth, Resource Productivity and Decoupling

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Talk presented by Mark Swilling at the 7th meeting of the International Resource Panel, Sustainability Institute, Stellenbosch.

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  • Africa's Development Challenges in a Resource Constrained World

    Prof. Mark Swilling

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Keynote address by Mark Swilling to World Resources Forum, Davos, Switzerland, September 19.

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    1774
  • Agricultural innovation in the Swartland: investigating promsing practices for larger farms

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Document type: Student Research

    This paper is an abbreviated MPhil dissertation. It focuses on innovations taking place on large scale commercial farms in the Western Cape and uses case studies to investigate how farmers are responding to the sustainability challenges of the 21st century. The research focused specifically on seven positive innovators whose practices or thinking were, in some way, contributing towards positive change in the sector. Theoretical connections between these farm level changes and regional food security were then drawn.

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    1823
    Food Systems
  • Agriculture and the payment for environmental services: Lessons from Costa Rica in the balancing of agriculture and ecosystems

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Lessons from Costa Rica in the balancing of agriculture and ecosystems.

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    3978
    Food Systems
  • Assessing global land use and soil management for sustainable resource policies

    Bringezu, S. (co-lead author), O'Brien, M., Pengue, W.A. (co-lead author), Swilling, M., Kauppi, L.

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    This scoping paper intends to set the framework for an extended report by the International Panel for Sustainable Resource Management (Resource Panel) on the issue of global land use and soil management in November 2010.

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  • Assessing Global Land Use and Soil Management for Sustainable Resource Policies

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Bringezu, S. (co-lead author), O'Brien, M., Pengue, W.A. (co-lead author), Swilling, M., Kauppi, L. Assessing Global Land Use and Soil Management for Sustainable Resource Policies. Report commissioned by the International Resource Panel, United Nations Environment Programme, November 2010.

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    1639
    Food Systems
  • Assessing land

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Full Report - International Resource Panel report on Assessing Global Land Use - this report integrates existing knowledge on land use and on soils in order to provide an overview of the constraints facing a world of changing diets and increased demand for food and non-food agricultural products. Mark Swilling was a lead co-author.

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    1709
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Auroville Case Study

    Lisa Thompson-Smeddle

    Document type: Student Research

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    1976
    Education & Learning
  • Beyond the resource curse: from resource wars to sustainable resource management in Africa

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Paper presented by Mark Swilling to the Winelands Conference on Integrity and Governance, Stellenbosch University, April 2012. This papers applies material flow analysis to the question of Africa's future economic growth and proposes that unless new modes of governance are found the resource curse will persist.

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    1651
  • Biodiversity and the Challenge of Sustainable Agriculture Assignment

    Thandeka Moloko Mbabama

    Document type: Student Research

    Assignment submitted by Thandeka Mbabama for the Sustainable Agriculture module, 2005

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    3967
    Food Systems
  • Black Economic Empowerment in Namibia

    Lesley Losper

    Document type: Student Research

    Redistribution as an Important Policy Dimension for Economic Transformation: A Study of Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) as a Tool for Small and Medium Size Enterprise (SME) Development in Namibia. Lesley Losper is a senior regional economist in the Namibian Government. This was his class assignment for Applied Economics.

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  • Business Models for Shared Value

    Florian Lüdeke-Freund, Lorenzo Massa, Nancy Bocken, Alan Brent & Josephine Musango

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Many managers have recognized the financial benefits of responding to societal issues for some time. But the concept of shared value resulted in more managers fully embracing social action. Advocates of shared value are now leading a revolution in strategic management and innovation, urging business to find ways to create economic value in a way that also benefits society.

    This report provides a state-of-the-art overview of research and practice in this area. It recognizes both the contributions of shared value and the ways in which the approach builds on earlier and more established concepts, in particular corporate sustainability.

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    5300
    Leadership & Facilitation
  • Cape Town Energy Efficiency Project

    David Nicol

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    The Energy Efficiency Project (EEP) initiative has been conceived to assist building owners in implementing measures to improve energy efficiency. It is ideally positioned to overcome the barriers to implementation and to facilitate a large scale improvement in energy efficiency in the City of Cape Town. The project is the product of a partnership between the Cape Town Partnership, which played a central role in negotiations relating to the CBD during the power crisis of 2006, and the Sustainability Institute which, for a number of years, has been working with a range of stakeholders in Cape Town to promote more efficient use of natural resources, including energy. Seed funding for the project has been obtained from CORDAID, a large Dutch foundation.

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    1664
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Cape Town Energy Report

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Overview and analysis of Cape Town's energy system commissioned by City of Cape Town and funded by United Nations Development Programme - compiled for the Sustainability Institute by Sustainable Energy Africa.

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    1653
    Renewable Energy
  • Cape Town Waste System

    Sally-Anne Engledow

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Cape Town waste system report was commissioned by City of Cape Town and funded by United Nations Development Programme - compiled for the Sustainability Institute by Sally-Anne Engledow.

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    1697
    Development Planning
  • Cape Town's Water and Sanitation System

    Sonja Pithey

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Compiled by Sonja Pithey for the Sustainability Institute, this report was commissioned by City of Cape Town and funded by UNDP. It provides a comprehensive overview of Cape Town's water and sanitation system.

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    1695
    Development Planning
  • Carbon Finance and Reforestation: A Survey of African Cases

    Sasha Lagrange

    Document type: Student Research

    Carbon Finance and Reforestation: A Survey of African Cases. Paper 1: Can improved wood-based stoves modernise the use of biomass in Southern Africa and reduce CO2 emissions? Opportunities and risks of carbon offset stove programmes with reference to the Nhambita test in Mozambique. Paper 2: Do carbon offset projects present a new dimension to the development aid paradigm? A critical assessment with specific reference to the Nhambita REDD and Agro-forestry carbon offset project, Mozambique.

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  • Cities as Life Supporting Systems

    Blake Robinson

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    With Blake Robinson from SI Projects as lead author, this was a chapter in the South African Cities Network Annual Report which included a major emphasis on sustainability. This is the first attempt to develop an overview of South Africa's major cities from a sustainable resource use perspective.

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    1618
    Sustainable Cities
  • Corporate Citizenship in Tourism

    Kate Rivett-Carnac

    Document type: Student Research

    The South African Public Sector and Corporate Citizenship in Tourism. Kate Rivett-Carnac works for the Department of Trade and Industry, South Africa. This assignment was submitted for the Corporate Citizenship module.

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    Leadership & Facilitation
  • Corporate Social Responsibility

    Susana Muhamed

    Document type: Student Research

    Understanding Corporate Social Responsibility from a Sustainability Point of View: System Change or only Mitigation of Effects? Susana Muhamad is from Colombia and is employed by Shell, based in The Netherlands. This is her assignment for the Corporate Citizenship module.

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    1971
    Leadership & Facilitation
  • Decoupling Natural Resource Use and Environmental Impacts from Economic Growth

    Marina Fischer-Kowalski & Mark Swilling

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Decoupling Natural Resource Use and Environmental Impacts from Economic Growth is a publication of the International Resource Panel and was launched in New York at a side event of the Commission on Sustainable Development on 12 May 2009. Mark Swilling and Marina Fischer-Kowalski are the co-lead authors of the report.

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    1724
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Developing a framework for supporting the implementation of integrated water resource management (IWRM) with a decoupling strategy

    Ernest Nti Acheampong, Mark Swilling & Kevin Urama

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Despite decades of water reforms, Ghana’s struggle to achieve sustainable urban water system is deepened by complex interactions of multi-layered political, socio-economic and managerial characteristics, leaving a rationing system of water supply in major cities like Accra. Using a multi-level perspective framework, the paper examines the dynamics of urban water system transition through management reforms. The study showed how external pressure at the landscape level influenced policy direction within urban water regime through the implementation of neo-liberal economic policies, paving way for resistance and grassroots innovation at the niche level.

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    5199
  • DFID Oil Shock Mitigation Report for developing countries

    Jeremy Wakeford and Martin de Wit

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    The main aims of the project are to provide developing countries with a systematic framework and methodology for identifying the major vulnerabilities to and likely socioeconomic impacts of oil price and supply shocks, and for devising national oil shock mitigation strategies in order to be able to respond proactively to such threats. The analysis is based on a combination of empirical data drawn from various international agencies, together with existing research concerning oil security and oil shock vulnerabilities amongst developing countries. The analysis addresses vulnerabilities and mitigation of oil shocks in a wide range of socioeconomic areas, including the energy system, transport and mobility, agriculture and food security, the macro-economy, and social concerns such as poverty and inequality, settlement patterns and social cohesion.

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    5117
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Does Post-Settlement Support Play a Role in the Success of Land Reform? The Case of Resettlement Beneficiaries in Namibia

    Ingrid Emmy Hoaes

    Document type: Student Research

    The research deals with post-settlement support in Namibia's land reform process. Post-settlement support (PSS) is seen as vital and critical in all land and agrarian reform processes, as can be told from experiences worldwide. Its absence or presence can have a number of consequences or successes in the whole process. PSS can be viewed as the "after care" to be provided by the government to new farmers after resettling them. It could be in the form of financial support, extension services and maintenance of infrastructure as well as training services for the farmers.This paper deals with the current status of post-settlement support in the country for land reform beneficiary, who provides PSS, if it is provided and how it is done.

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    5162
    Food Systems
  • Does Post-Settlement Support Play a Role in the Success of Land Reform?_Masters Thesis

    I E HOAËS

    Document type: Student Research

    The research deals with post-settlement support in Namibia‟s land reform process. Post-settlement support (PSS) is seen as vital and critical in all land and agrarian reform processes, as can be told from experiences worldwide. Its absence or presence can have a number of consequences or successes in the whole process. PSS can be viewed as the “after care” to be provided by government to new farmers after resettling them. It could be in the form of financial support, extension services and maintenance of infrastructure as well as training services for the farmers

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    3992
    Food Systems
  • Down-scaling to increase output: Specialising in low-input/high output intensive farming systems

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Small scale does not mean unproductive nor does it mean unprofitable: it's possible and if done correctly could be extremely beneficial to all who live in South Africa.

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    3982
    Food Systems
  • Drinking from the Poisoned Chalice

    Schirin Yachkaschi

    Document type: Student Research

    Schirin Yachkaschi is doing her Phd on organisation development in CBOs, supervised by Prof. Mark Swilling. This paper reflects her core thinking that will be elaborated theoretically and empirically in her Phd. Her research is based on work she did with CBOs while working for Community Connections, an NGO that supports CBOs with offices at the Philippi Business Place - an SI project.

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    1654
    Development Planning
  • Economic Development, Decoupling and Urban Infrastructure

    Katherine Hyman

    Document type: Student Research

    Economic Development, Decoupling and Urban Infrastructure: the role of innovation for an urban transition in Cape Town. Thesis submitted in fulfillment of the Mphil in Sustainable Development Planning and Management, March 2039. Using a combination of material flow analysis and the 'multi-level perspective', Cape Town's urban infrastructures are understood as socio-technical systems that can be reconfigured in ways that result in more sustainable use of resources. The regeneration of the Cape Town CBD is used as a case study.

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    1874
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Environment and Urban Development in Malawi

    Happy Kayuni

    Document type: Student Research

    Happy Kayuni and Richard Tambulasi from the University of Zomba, Malawi, wrote this paper initially as their class essay for the Sustainable Development module in the MPA programme. It was later accepted for publication.

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    1694
    Development Planning
  • Experiences teaching transdisciplinary research

    John van Breda, Andreas Muhar & Jan Visser

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Experiences from establishing structure inter- and transdisciplinary doctoral programmes in sustainability: a comparison of two cases in South Africa and Austria. Published in the Journal of Cleaner Production, this article brings together work led by John Van Breda working closely with Mark Swilling in the SA context to set up the transdisciplinary doctoral programme in the TsamaHub, School of Public Leadership.

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    1610
    Education & Learning