Research and Publications

Research & Publications

  • Oil Shock Vulnerabilities & Impacts: Case Study of South Africa

    Jeremy Wakeford

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    This report presents a South African country case study of oil dependencies and vulnerabilities to oil price and supply shocks. It is one of four case studies as part a research project funded by the United Kingdom Department for International Development which analyzed the key socioeconomic vulnerabilities to and likely impact of oil price and supply shocks on developing countries.

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  • Oude Molen Scenario Part 2

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    See blurb for Part 1 of this document.

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    1673
    Sustainable Cities
  • Peak oil and the transition to a sustainable economy in South Africa

    Jeremy Wakeford

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Peak oil and the transition to a sustainable economy in South Africa. Paper presented at the 19th International Sustainable Development Conference, Spier 1-3 July 2013, co-hosted by the SI. (Jeremy Wakeford graduated from the Phd programme in Sustainable Development, this paper was based on his Phd thesis.)

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    1652
    Resource Efficiencies
  • Philippi Business Place - Final Plan

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    This is the Strategic Development Framework for an ecologically designed development in Philippi at the so-called Old Cement Factory site. The Sustainability Institute, as a member of the Board of the Philippi Business Place, project-managed the design process. This provides a model for similar projects. The project was never implemented and the SI resigned from the Board in 2009.  

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    1635
    Development Planning
  • Philippi Horticultural Area - A City asset or potential development node? Summary Report

    Dr Jane Battersby-Lennard and Gareth Haysom

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    The primary focus of this report is on the role of the Philippi Horticultural Area in the Cape Town food system. Regardless of the multiple needs and perspectives on the Philippi Horticultural Area (see figure 1), the area is first and foremost a food production area, one with a long history of food production, a history dating back to the mid 1800’s4, and even earlier5. This research sought to assess the importance of the Philippi Horticultural Area in terms of its overall value to the entire Cape Town food system. While mentioned as secondary information, citing specific specialist reports, this report does not engage directly in the other aspects pertaining to the PHA such as sand mining, aquifer management nor the technical merits, or lack thereof, of housing within the area. These aspects are beyond this research brief and skills of the authors of this report. Previous assessments of the PHA have not taken an explicit food lens.

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    Food Systems
  • Philippi SDF

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

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    1691
    Development Planning
  • Profile of Doctoral Students in the Transdisciplinary Research Programme

    Document type: Student Research

    Information about the topics and descriptions of doctoral research carried out under the auspices of the TsamaHub.

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    Education & Learning
  • Reinventing Stellenbosch strategy doc

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

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    1692
    Development Planning
  • Rethinking Incremental Urbanism: co-production of incremental informal settlement upgrading strategies

    Prof. Mark Swilling, Lauren Tavener-Smith, Andres Keller, Vanessa Von de Heyde & Berry Wessels

    Document type: Student Research

    This is the first attempt at integrating research by a group of postgraduate students who have been conduction transdisicplinary research in an informal settlement called Enkanini. This article will be presented at the International Sustainable Development Research Conference taking place in Stellenbosch in July 2013, and has been submitted for consideration for publication in a book edited by Isandla.

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    1642
    Sustainable Cities
  • Rethinking the Sustainability of the South African City

    Mark Swilling

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Reviews the contemporary urban studies literature and argues that with few exceptions this literature has ignored the rapidly growing literature on sustainable cities. The result is that SA urban development policies have not addressed the challenge of making urban development ecologically sustainable.

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  • Review of Climate Change Legislation and Policies

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Review of International and African Climate Change Legislation and Policies. Report Commissioned by AWEPA Parliamentary Support Programme in South Africa. 20 March 2012.

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    1683
    Development Planning
  • SANS 10400-XA Energy in Buildings Guide for Architects

    Sustainability Institute.

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Since the promulgation of the SANS 10400-XA regulations in November 2039, it is compulsory for all new buildings to adhere to certain energy efficiency guidelines which includes a specification for renewable energy contribution to total energy consumed. This Guide was compiled by SI Projects for Architects and funded by Nedbank.

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    1636
    Renewable Energy
  • SANS 10400-XA Energy Use in Buildings - a Developer's Guide

    Sustainability Institute.

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Since the promulgation of the SANS 10400-XA regulations, it is compulsory for all new buildings to adhere to certain energy efficiency guidelines which includes a specification for renewable energy contribution to total energy consumed. This Guide was compiled by SI Projects for Developers and funded by NEDBANK.

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    1657
    Renewable Energy
  • SANS 10400-XA Energy Use in Buildings Guide for Home Owners

    Sustainability Institute.

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Since the promulgation of the SANS 10400-XA regulations in November 2039, it is compulsory for all new buildings to adhere to certain energy efficiency guidelines which includes a specification for renewable energy contribution to total energy consumed. This Guide was compiled by SI Projects for home owners and funded by NEDBANK.

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    1628
    Renewable Energy
  • Small Farmers feeding one billion

    Luke Metelerkamp

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Connected to land: a photographic essay by Luke Metelerkamp of small farmers feeding 1 billion.

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    3976
    Food Systems
  • South Africa Green Economy

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    The present study was undertaken at the request of South's Africa Department of Environmental Affairs to assess potential opportunities and options to promote a green economy, with a focus on key economic sectors set out by South Africa';s National Development Plan Vision 2030. Commissioned by UNEP, the assessment was led by Stellenbosch University and the Sustainability Institute of South Africa, in cooperation with the Millennium Institute. It presents a modelling exercise that compares a scenario of investments directed to â€business-as-usual€ (BAU) with scenarios of investments allocated to four critical sectors for a transition to a green economy in South Africa, namely: natural resource management, agriculture, transport and energy.

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  • South African Cities in the Second Decade of Democracy

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    South African Cities in the Second Decade of Democracy: Emerging Conceptual and Policy Spaces for a New Urban Agenda by Prof. Mark Swilling. This paper was presented at the International Colloquiem: Urban Challenges in Brazil and South Africa, Rio de Janeiro, 10-13 September, 2007.

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    Sustainable Cities
  • Spier Sustainability Report

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    The Sustainability Institute's research team helped Spier to write its Sustainability Report which won top honours at ACCA Awards this year.

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  • Spirituality and Nature in the Transformation to a More Sustainable World

    Helen Lockhart

    Document type: Student Research

    Master's thesis. Spirituality and Nature in the Transformation to a More Sustainable World: Perspectives of South African Change Agents. The central premise of this thesis is that humans are disconnected and alienated from Nature and it proposes that we need to attempt to restore this connection in order to overcome the current socioecological crises which threaten our survival as a species on the planet. In response to the research question as to whether a spiritual relationship with Nature could assist in the transformation to a more sustainable world, this study examines the concepts of Nature and spirituality and the relationship between them and, in particular, explores the spiritual practices and human-Nature connections experienced by six South African change agents.

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    Education & Learning
  • State of African Cities Report 2014

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    SI Projects contributed significantly to the ideas and the research that went into the compilation of 2014 State of African Cities Report that focuses on the urban transition that is needed in Africa.

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    Sustainable Cities
  • Stellenbosch 2017 Housing Strategy, 2008

    Paul Henlder and Mark Swilling

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Detailed final report on the Stellenbosch Human Settlement Strategy commissioned by Stellenbosch Municipality and compiled by Paul Henlder and Mark Swilling.

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    1633
    Development Planning
  • Stellenbosch Small Farmers Trust

    Bryce Anderson

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    This document, by Bryce Anderson who is based in the Sustainability Institute, summarizes 8 years of learning with respect to the land reform project on municipal land near to Lynedoch. The Sustainability Institute has played various roles in this pioneering project over the years.

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    1685
    Food Systems
  • Stellenbosch Spatial Development Framework Part 1

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    This is part 1 of the Stellenbosch Spatial Development Framework that was drafted by a SI Proejcts team.

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  • Stellenbosch Spatial Development Framework Part 2

    SI Projects

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    This is Part 2 of the Stellenbosch Spatial Development Framework that was drafted by a SI Projects team.

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    1662
    Development Planning
  • Strategic Development Framework for creating a sustainable business and residential neighbourhood in a disused cement factory in Phillipi, Cape Town

    Sustainability Institute et al

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    This Strategic Development Framework (SDF) is a proposal for recycling the ruined grounds and derelict buildings of an abandoned cement factory in Philippi, Cape Town into a Sustainable Business and Residential Neighbourhood (SBRN). The 12ha property, known locally as ‘the old cement factory’, is owned by The Business Place Philippi (BPP), a Section 21 company established by two large companies and two NGOs: Investec Bank, British American Tobacco (BAT), the Sustainability Institute, and Abalimi.

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    3969
    Development Planning
  • Structural Adjustment in Zambia

    Peter Sinkamba

    Document type: Student Research

    Structural Adjustment Lending and National Development: Which Development? - A Review of the IMF and World Bank Macro-Economic Regime and and their Poverty Reduction Strategies in Zambia. Peter Sinkamba whois a well known sustainable development practitioner in the Zambia NGO sector. This is his assignment for Applied Economics.

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    1977
    Development Planning
  • Sustainability Institute, Grabouw Case Study

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Sustainability Institute, Grabouw Case Study - summary narrative for teaching purposes compiled by the Sustainability Institute based on various mainly unpublished documents.

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    1658
    Sustainable Cities
  • Sustainability science for meeting Africa’s challenges

    Alexandros Gasparatos, Kazuhiko Takeuchi, Thomas Elmqvist, Kensuke Fukushi1, Masafumi Nagao, Frans Swanepoel, Mark Swilling, Douglas Trotter, Harro von Blottnitz

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    To tackle effectively the interconnected challenges that Africa currently experiences, there is a strong need to develop transdisciplinary and solution-oriented research approaches. This Special Feature will collect contributions from leading scholars that apply sustainability science concepts and principles at the African context.

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    Sustainable Cities
  • Sustainable Agriculture in Developing Countries

    Thandeka Mbabama

    Document type: Student Research

    The application of knowledge other than chemicals is the key to increasing food output on small farms in developing countries. Mixed cropping has a proven success as a strategy that can both product the food that is needed immediately and is sustainable. Thandeka Mbabama is a senior manager in the Land Bank, South Africa. This is her assignment for the Biodiversity and Sustainable Agriculture module.

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    1975
    Food Systems
  • Sustainable Cities & the Vancouver Food System

    Leonie Fremgen

    Document type: Student Research

    Sustainable Cities assignment. Includes a case study of Vancouver's sustainable food system.

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  • Sustainable Cities and the case of Surat, India

    Etai Even-Zahav

    Document type: Student Research

    Sustainable Cities assingment. It includes a case study of the city of Surat, India.

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    1955
    Sustainable Cities
  • Sustainable Development 2006

    Lannette Chiti

    Document type: Student Research

    In this essay submitted for the Sustainable Development Module of the Mphil programme in 2006, Lannette Chite (Zambia) uses a sustainability perspective to analyse the way her urban domestic household in Zambia operates, and the (dis-)connections between this and the traditional rural households where the rest of her extended family has lived.

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    1970
    Development Planning
  • Sustainable Development, Local Economic Development and Industrial Policy

    Kate Rivett-Carnac

    Document type: Student Research

    Local Economic Development, Industrial Policy and Sustainable Development in South Africa: A Critical Reflection on Three New Policy Frameworks. Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the Mphil in Sustainable Development Planning and Management, January 2008. This thesis examines three policy frameworks adopted by the South African Government, namely policies on Local Economic Development, Industrial Policy and Sustainable Development. The researcher's aim is to analyse the links, overlaps and contradictions in order to develop proposals for alignment in ways that would reinforce the sustainable development approach.

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  • Sustainable Infrastructure Planning

    Mark Swilling

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Published in the accredited journal Environment and Urbanisation, this article uses Cape Town to demonstrate that it will not be possible to finance pro-poor development if scarce financial resources are used to subsidized unsustainable infrastructure provision to meet the needs of middle and upper classes.

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    1682
    Development Planning
  • Sustainable, Low-Carbon Cities in the 21st Century - Making it Happen

    Camaren Peter & Mark Swilling

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    This paper was commissioned by UNEP as a position paper for the Summit for the Urban Environment Accords, Gwangju, South Korea, 39-13 October, 2009. Currently, over half of the world’s population resides in cities. This urbanization trend is expected to continue and more than 80 per cent of humanity is expected to live cities by 2050. The conditions for city dwellers depend not only on how urbanization is planned and managed but also how cities source, process, and use resources. The choices cities make have far reaching implications on the level of sustainability that is possible in the future. This report contributes to the discourse of global environmental well-being by focusing on sustainability and resource efficiency. It is especially useful since it highlights genuine opportunities for city leaders and supports its arguments through a set of inspirational case studies of cities that have successfully improved their transition to sustainability.

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  • Systematic review of the literature on ‘informal economy’ and ‘food security’ (2016)

    Etai Even-Zahav and Candice Kelly

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    This is a Working Paper published by PLAAS at the University of the Western Cape in 2016. Tai was commissioned to produce this paper based on his MPhil thesis by the Centre of Excellence on Food Security.

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    5301
    Food Systems
  • Systems Approach to Technology Sustainability Assessment

    Josephine Musango, Alan Brent, Bamikole Amigun, Leon Pretorius, Hans Müller

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Tutorial on the application of systems approach to technology sustainability assessment (SATSA): the case of biodiesel production development. Paper presented at the 19th International Sustainable Development Research Conference, Spier 1-3 July 2013, co-hosted by the SI. (Josephine Musango and Alan Brent are associated with the TsamaHub, the SI's research partner.)

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    1630
    Education & Learning
  • The Ecological Footprint of Cape Town

    Barry Gasson

    Document type: Student Research

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  • The New Urbanism and New Ruralism

    Michael Louw

    Document type: Student Research

    This study focuses mainly on the spatial planning aspects of rural development and it explores the possibilities of adapting strategies from the New Urbanism and New Ruralism movements, together with a number of tools typically associated with sustainable rural development, for use in the South African context. Through the study of available literature on the subject, personal interviews and practical experience, a range of strategies have been investigated and a selected number have been identified that may be applicable to the local context. A number of case studies are assessed, which include a new model being implemented at Crossways Farm Village in the Eastern Cape which combines elements from the above€ mentioned approaches. From some of the results achieved to date it seems that the implementation of these particular spatial planning models, combined with models like the biosphere concept that focuses on biodiversity, together with a range of additional socioeconomic strategies, may contribute to the promotion of sustainable rural development in South Africa. It is hoped that this study shows the potential and challenges of these spatial planning models as a tool for sustainable rural development, and that it may lead to further study on the subject.

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    Development Planning
  • The Sustainable Human Settlements Calculator

    Jerome Lengbeek & Mark Swilling

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Talk presented by Jerome Lengbeek and Mark Swilling to the Green Buildings parallel session at the Green Economy Summit on 19 May 2010. This talk summarizes the outcome of a 3 year research project to build a cost effectiveness analysis of conventional low-cost housing compared with sustainable low-cost housing options.

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    1772
    Sustainable Cities
  • Towards urban infrastructure sustainability

    Wendy Crane, Lisa Thompson-Smeddle, Martin De Wit , Mark Swilling

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Published in book: Counter Currents. Experiments in Sustainability in the Cape Town Region, Chapter: 5, Publisher: Jacana Media, Editors: Edgar Pieterse, pp.80-89.

    This chapter will argue that the challenge of expanding EWWS services into poorer areas cannot be faced without considering the idea of sustainable resource use. Increasingly, there are calls for this kind of thinking, as City and provincial policy begin to recognise that traditional technologies and systems are inefficient and ecologically unsustainable. Sustainable resource use entails a process that improves the quality of life by decoupling economic growth from the rate of increase in natural resource consumption. More efficient use of existing resources is one way to achieve this – doing more with less; and another is to find alternatives to nonrenewable resource inputs and ecologically degrading waste outputs. Human needs continue to expand, while our ecosystems are finite and being seriously eroded. To eradicate poverty, growing consumption must be decoupled from rising levels of natural resource use. Significant opportunities exist to move in this direction citywide by employing new technologies and systems.

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    5212
    Sustainable Cities
  • Untamed Urbanisms: Enacting productive disruptions

    Edited by Adriana Allen, Andrea Lampis and Mark Swilling

    Document type: Faculty Research & Publications

    Towards sustainable urban infrastructures for the urban anthropocene.

    One of the major challenges of urban development has been reconciling the way cities develop with the mounting evidence of resource depletion and the negative environmental impacts of predominantly urban-based modes of production and consumption. The book aims to re-politicize the relationship between urban development, sustainability and justice, and to explore the tensions emerging under real circumstances, as well as their potential for transformative change. For some, cities are the root of all that is unsustainable, while for others cities provide unique opportunities for sustainability-oriented innovations that address equity and ecological challenges. This book is rooted in the latter category, but recognizes that if cities continue to evolve along current trajectories they will be where the large bulk of the most unsustainable and inequitable human activities are concentrated. Drawing on a range of case studies from both the global South and global North, this book is unique in its aim to develop an integrated socialecological perspective on the challenge of sustainable urban development. Through the interdisciplinary and original research of a new generation of urban researchers across the global South and global North, this book addresses old debates in new ways and raises new questions about sustainable urban development that will be of interest to researchers, city managers and a wide range of policy actors in government, civil society and the private sector.

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  • Urban Patterns for a Green Economy: Clustering for Competitiveness

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Guidebook on Clustering for Competitiveness prepared for UN Habitat's Urban Patterns for a Green Economy series. Blake Robinson was lead author of the SI Projects team.

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  • Urban Patterns for a Green Economy: Leveraging Density

    Blake Robinson, Elzette Henshilwood and Matthew Cullinan

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    This guide shows how the compact city concept and planned (versus unplanned) urban extension can support sustainable urban patterns that benefit the functioning of developed as well as developing world cities.

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  • Urban Patterns for Green Economy: Optimizing Infrastructure

    Blake Robinson

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Guidebook on Optimizing Infrastructure prepared for UN Habitat's Urban Patterns for a Green Economy series. Blake Robinson was lead author of the SI Projects team.

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  • Urban Patterns for Green Economy: Working With Nature

    Blake Robinson

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Guidebook on Working With Nature prepared for UN Habitat's Urban Patterns for a Green Economy series. Blake Robinson was lead author of the SI Projects team.

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    1613
    Sustainable Cities
  • Urban Patterns for the Green Economy: Levering Density

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Guidebook on Leveraging Density prepared for UN Habitat's Urban Patterns for a Green Economy series. Blake Robinson was lead author of the SI Projects team.

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    1615
  • Urban Patterns: Clustering for Competitiveness

    Blake Robinson and Sara Grobbelaar

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Taking a broader perspective, this guide looks at city regions and how they can be more optimally planned to achieve economic objectives in a manner that does not waste local resources. It looks at how competitive advantage can be achieved at a regional scale by encouraging cooperation between cities with complementary areas of specialization. It also considers how innovation for green economic development can be encouraged through the clustering of industries, and through collaborations between government, the private sector and academia.

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  • Urban Patterns: Optimizing Infrastructure

    Blake Robinson and Mark Swilling

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    Considering urban infrastructure as the link between city inhabitants and natural resources, this guide looks at how infrastructural systems can be conceived differently in order to help all city residents to conserve resources. It introduces new concepts and approaches to the provision of infrastructural services, such as energy, water and waste treatment, and demonstrates how infrastructure investments can act as catalysts for urban sustainability.

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    5122
  • Urban Patterns: Working with Nature

    Blake Robinson, Gill Cullinan and Matthew Cullinan

    Document type: SI Research & Publications

    With functioning ecosystems forming the foundation for social and economic activity, this guide looks at how built environments can be planned to operate in  collaboration with nature. It looks at how to plan cities and regions for ecosystem health, focusing on allowing sufficient space for natural systems to continue providing crucial goods and services like fresh water, food, fuel and waste amelioration.

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